PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2016, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (1): 67-77.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2015.01.008

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Inter-provincial industry eco-compensation in China based on input-output method

Chunla LIU1,2,3(), Weidong LIU2, Dadao LU2, Zhipeng TANG2,*()   

  1. 1. Department of Resources and Environment Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Online:2016-01-31 Published:2016-01-31
  • Contact: Zhipeng TANG;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41125005;Science and Technology Service Network Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.KFJ-EW-STS-003;Open Fund Project of Hunan Provincial Key Research Base of Social Sciences for Human Settlements, No.RJ14K04;Philosophy and Social Science Foundation of Hunan Province, No.15YBA273;The Key Discipline of Hunan Province Geography Construction Project, No.2011001


Based on a geographical view of regional inter-connectedness, this study developed an analytical framework of provincial eco-compensation in China by industrial sectors. Input-output method was used to calculate the inter-provincial land resources consumption balance by industrial sectors and analyze inter-provincial industry eco-compensation based on the 2010 statistical data of China’s inter-provincial input-output data table. The results show that: (1) Farming, forestry, animal husbandry, and fishery are mostly the "occupied industries" where their ecological resources, land resources in particular, were used for the development of other industrial sectors. Therefore agriculture sector should receive eco-compensation. (2) Manufacturing industries "occupy" the ecological resources of other sectors and should pay for eco-compensation. (3) The construction sector, in the investment and consumption analyses, is primarily an "occupy" industry, but in the export analysis, there were great provincial differences. (4) The transportation and storage sector, in investment and consumption analyses, is mainly an "occupy" industry, but in the export analysis, there were also great provincial differences. (5) Wholesale and retail trade are mostly an "occupy" industry and should have the obligation to pay for eco-compensation. (6) Other services, in consumption analysis, are mostly an "occupy" industry but in the investment and export analyses, they are mostly an "occupied" industry where resources were taken by other industries and therefore should receive compensation. This paper puts forward policy recommendations for eco-compensation, including strengthening the legislation in industrial eco-compensation, improving taxation means in eco-compensation of industries, among others.

Key words: occupy, occupied, input-output, industry, land resources, eco-compensation