PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (4): 430-437.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2015.04.004

• Special Column: Big Data and Smart City • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The overall architecture of sustainable urban spatial development model based on the construction of smart cities

Yang CAO(), Feng ZHEN()   

  1. School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
  • Online:2015-04-10 Published:2015-04-10

Abstract:

Under the background that smart city construction has become a national development strategy, traditional urban spatial development models based on the analyses of historical data of population, economy, resource, and environment need to incorporate new sources of data and innovative research framework. This article first discusses the background and connotation of, and relationship between smart city and sustainable development, and then summarizes the Chinese and international research on sustainable urban spatial development models. It concludes that smart city construction provides finer, comprehensive, and real-time data and broadens the spatial and temporal scales of models for urban system modeling, as well as offers new technical means for the simulation of urban system operation. Based on the above, this article presents the overall architecture of an sustainable urban spatial development model based on the construction of smart cities. The model contains four parts that: (1) monitor, collect, and share urban data; (2) decipher and analyze urban operation problems; (3) simulate urban spatial sustainable development and evaluate the related policies and decisions; and (4) design the urban spatial development planning system based on the construction of smart cities. It is important for enriching the theoretical framework of urban sustainable development and guiding the spatial planning and construction practices of smart cities that aim at sustainable development for the ultimate goal.

Key words: information technology, smart city, sustainable development, spatial development model, big data