PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (3): 432-440.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2014.03.014

• Tourism Geography • Previous Articles    

Temporal and spatial evolution of lodging industry in Beijing and its influencing factors

YAN Liying, LI Wei, YANG Chengfeng, SONG Jinping   

  1. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2013-08-01 Revised:2013-12-01 Published:2014-03-24
  • Contact: 宋金平(1968-),男,山东平邑人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事经济地理研究,Email:。

Abstract: Distribution of lodging industry is sensitive to urban environmental change. However, in the study of urban space reconfiguration, lodging industry as advanced services is usually neglected when compared to the study of population, housing, industrial, and commercial sectors and offices. The rapid development of the tourism industry has promoted high growth of the lodging industry in Beijing. The sudden rise of economy hotel brought about internal structural transformation of lodging industry. The 2008 Beijing Olympic Games had an important impact on the lodging industry as well. Thus, the aim of this paper is to study the temporal and spatial evolution of the lodging industry and influencing factors from 1997 to 2012 in Beijing, discuss the evolution pattern of lodging industry, analyze the coevolution relationship between this industry and the urban spatial structure, and reflect on the restructuring characteristics of the urban space. ArcGIS Spatial Analyst technique is used to research the temporal and spatial evolution of lodging industry, in which kernel density analysis is chosen to identify the clusters of hotels. Under the assumption that the central area of Beijing is mono-centrically distributed in structure, an ordered multivariate Logit model is applied to reveal the correlation between hotel locations and their influencing factors, in order to support the conclusion of theoretical analysis. The study shows that: (1) The centralization and centrifugal diffusion trends in lodging industry both exist, and the pattern is relative diffusion. The expansion is characterized by agglomeration and varied growth in different directions. There are five types of spatial expansions: concentric circle expansion, localized fan-shaped expansion, corridor type expansion, enclave expansion and filling expansion. (2) Accessibility is extremely essential to hotel location in any period. Land price increase in central city and promotion of traffic technology prompt lodging industry to spread to the outskirts of the city. Agglomeration changes in accordance with centripetal and centrifugal trends. (3) Sitting of lodging industry had different preferences at different periods. Urbanization process influences the location and relocation of the lodging industry and the lodging industry has shaped the urban landscape and urban spatial structure. (4) The suburbanization in Beijing is speeding up, that centrifugal effect that shapes the urban structure is enhanced, heterogeneity and complexity of urban space is increased, but centrality is still strong. The Beijing Olympic Games stimulated the growth of hotels and the development of urban functional areas. Under the background of market saturation in the central city, the lodging industry should seize the opportunity of urban space reconfiguration and suburbanization, seek to develop space in the center of urban periphery, functional area or transition region and to undertake spillovers, avoid the land price uplifting and agglomeration diseconomies in the city center. Meantime, the government should guide the rational distribution of lodging industry, opening up new space for development, thus contributing to improve residential services and rapid rise of new urban districts.

Key words: Beijing, influencing factors, lodging industry, temporal and spatial evolution

CLC Number: 

  • K902