PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (7): 1148-1158.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2013.07.017

• Socio-Cultural Geography • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Research on international sojourn: A review from geographical perspective

WEN Jin1, BAI Kai2, SUN Xing3   

  1. 1. College of Resource Environment and Tourism, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China;
    2. Tourism and Environment College, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, China;
    3. GE Medical Systems Trade and Development Co., Ltd., Beijing 100176, China
  • Received:2012-05-01 Revised:2013-05-01 Online:2013-07-25 Published:2013-07-25

Abstract: In recent years, along with the rapid development of globalization, international sojourn has become a universal phenomenon. Based on literature study, we found the main topics in the research on international sojourn as follows: sojourn experiences of international students, transformative power of international sojourn, reentry experience, pre-departure experience. The literature showed that most of research works were published by sociologists without geographical background, yet following geographical research themes explicitly and implicitly, namely, human-environment-time and space. International sojourners would experience culture shock when they move to a new place with different culture. Gradually, sojourners adapt to and even identify with the culture of the new place. From the view of cultural geography, Sojourners' sense of new place takes shape in the process of adaptation. In this paper, we suggested international sojourn should be brought into the research field of cultural geography and pointed out ideas and topics of the research on international sojourn from geographical perspective. Future studies should focus on sojourners' influences on the sojourn places and their hometowns, especially on the identities of different places. The study of international sojourn can not only provide theoretical foundation and guidance to multicultural development, recruitment of employees for multinational corporations, cross-cultural education and cross-cultural communication, but also benefit the research of cultural geography.

Key words: cultural conflict and blend, geographical perspective, review, sojourn