PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (5): 769-776.

### Urban residential amenity index and its composition factors：The case of Changsha County in Hunan Province

LIU Peilin1, LIAO Liuwen2, LIU Chunla1

1. 1. Department of Resource Environment and Travel Management, Hengyang Normal University, Hengyang 421008, China;
2. Nanyue College, Hengyang Normal University, Hengyang 421008, China
• Received:2012-11-01 Revised:2013-02-01 Online:2013-05-25 Published:2013-05-25

Abstract: With economic globalization, rapid urbanization, and steady improvement of productive forces, urban populations and scales have been continuously increasing and expanding. However, there is an obvious trend of deterioration of the urban residential environment. Improving the urban residential environment plays an important role in enhancing the comprehensive competitiveness of small and medium-sized cities and promoting urbanization process, hence one of the major tasks of the urban construction in China is to improve urban residential environment. Based on structured interview and 120 sets of questionnaire survey data of residential amenity satisfaction degree in Changsha County, an index system for urban residential amenity evaluation was established. The results of index calculation and analysis showed that: the residential amenity index of Changsha County is 0.82, which belongs to a good level, but local residents' satisfaction degree for the urban residential environment is mediocre. The influencing composition factors of the urban residential amenity index were analyzed from the physical and socio-economic aspects. The authors put forward that, to improve the urban residential environment, the government should strengthen the construction of infrastructure and public service facilities, develop cities slowly, and improve related management systems.