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Farmers'rural settlement integration aspiration and driving mechanism: A cass study of Bailin village in Chongqing

LI Xiaoqing1, WANG Cheng2, WANG Liping2, JIANGWei1, XIONG Chuanming1   

  1. 1. Chongqing Rural Land Arrangement Center, Chongqing 400015, China;
    2. School of Geographical Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
  • Received:2012-05-01 Revised:2013-02-01 Online:2013-04-25 Published:2013-04-25

Abstract: Rural settlement integration as the important content of the integration of rural governance.At the time, it should be contact with the rural residential building at last long time,in the space it should must the needs of different farmer's production and life demand, and we must consider the space levels of the village. So the coupling of respect the farmers'rural settlement integration aspiration and give play to the effect of rural residential integration related to the improvement of farmers'production and living conditions, and it has became the focus of rural settlement integration and effectively solve the people's livelihood problem. This study took Bailin Village in Chongqing as an example, adopting the methods of‘PRA+3S', constructed a database integrated the spatial characteristics of‘farmers-land'and development trend of future livelihood dynamic to quantize farmers'livelihood assets, analyzed different types of farmers'rural settlement integration aspiration and dynamic mechanism. The results of this study showed that: Different types of farmers'rural settlement integration aspiration have significant differences, generally the order of 5 types of farmers'rural settlement integration aspiration strength is: non-agricultural specialization development type (72.82%)>non-agricultural diversification farmer type(49.66%)>part-time development type(44.44%)>agricultural specialization type(36.84%)>agricultural diversification development type (37.33%); Farmers'rural settlement integration aspiration is the driving asymptotic outcome of the push-pull power from farmers'economy, living environment, social interaction and policy factors, it embodies the result of game between farmers'endogenous power and external environment; The farmers'future livelihood source and income changes, living conditions, neighborhood relations, perception of social status are the important driving mechanism of forming farmers'rural settlement integration aspiration, and farmers'future livelihood security is the key of rural settlement integration.

Key words: Bailin village, Chongqing, driving mechanism, farmers' aspiration, rural household differentiation, rural settlement integration, scene recognition