PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (3): 323-331.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2013.03.001

Special Issue: 人地系统

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Diverse Perspectives on Society and Environment——Plenary Lecture at the 32th International Geographical Congress

Anne Buttimer1   

  1. School of Geography, University College Dublin, Dublin 4, Ireland
  • Received:2013-02-01 Revised:2013-03-01 Online:2013-03-25 Published:2013-03-25

Abstract: This paper is based on the plenary lecture presented by Professor Anne Buttimer at the 32th International Geographical Congress (Cologne, August 27, 2012), with several revisions and amendments. Professor Anne Buttimer is a world famous geographer, gaining exceptionally high regard through her work in social and humanist geography. She was President of the International Geographical Union (IGU) during 2000-2004, and remains a Fellow of Royal Irish Academy, Royal Geographical Society (UK) and was recently elected as Vice President of Academia Europaea. In this paper, the author makes a systematic review of the traditions of geographic enquiry, especially those conterpoint voices on the relationship between society and environment down the centuries, tracing their philosophical sources both in the East and West. Referencing the four world views and their root metaphors, she then points out the problems in present-day geographic study, and calls for innovations in the future studies on this theme. The paper has a very high perspective and thus will be extremely influential.

Key words: counterpoint voices, relationship between society and environment, root metaphors