PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (2): 243-250.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2013.02.010

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Review of transport efficiency and its research trends from the Transport Geography perspectives

WU Wei, CAO Youhui, LIANG Shuangbo   

  1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
  • Received:2012-07-01 Revised:2012-12-01 Online:2013-02-25 Published:2013-02-07

Abstract: Transport efficiency is an integrated index to measure transportation system status and its developmental potential. Researchers in other countries have made significant achievements in the fields such as a transport efficiency evaluation econometric model, index system, impact factors and the mechanism from economics and management perspectives. In general, the research on transport efficiency in China is still at the stage of introducing research methods and results from abroad. However, the researchers in China have pioneered in combining transport efficiency with regional spatial structures as well as focusing on the studies of the coupling of spatial pattern of transport efficiency with regional economic systems. In addition, in recent years, energy efficiency and carbon dioxide emission efficiency in transportation have increasingly gained the attention of the researchers. Furthermore, from the perspective of transportation geography, it is of greatly scientific significance and practical value to study the pattern, process, mechanism and effect of transport efficiency with emphasis on its spatial characteristics, based on the analysis of the impact factors and quantitative measurement. The study needs to answer the questions such as: How to evaluate transport efficiency; What is the overall level of transport efficiency; What are the factors and mechanism that affect the temporal and spatial evolution of transport efficiency; What are the effects of the evolution of transport efficiency at the regional levels.

Key words: pattern-process-mechanism-effect, review of study, transport efficiency, Transport Geography