PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (2): 233-242.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2013.02.009

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Location shift of textile and garment industry in China

WU Aizhi, LI Guoping, SUN Tieshan   

  1. School of Government, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2012-09-01 Revised:2012-12-01 Online:2013-02-25 Published:2013-02-07

Abstract: Due to its uniqueness and developmental characteristics, textile and garment industry has been a top research topic, and been considered as the first to go through global relocation and one of the important industries with characteristics of industrial relocation. This study found that structural changes in textile and garment industry are relatively stable, concentrated in the eastern region. By introducing the coefficient of structural change in the industry to describe the pattern of the location shift Structural changes show striking differences between the regions, with the changes in the coastal region greater than the inland region, the eastern region greater than the mid region, the mid region in turn greater than the western and northeastern region. The structural change coefficient values in Zhejiang, Guangdong, Jiangsu, Shandong, Shanghai and Fujian in the coastal region, Hubei and Henan in the mid region, and Liaoning in the northeastern part are all higher than the average value of the country; the coefficient values in most provinces of the western parts are clearly lower. The value of structural change coefficient is determined by the level of regional economic growth, location, and structural factors. In order to study the driving mechanism of location shift of textile and garment industry, a modified classic “shift-share”analysis is conducted on the structural and spatial effects of the development of the industry separately, using the economic data from 31 provinces divided into 8 regions. The analysis shows that Henan, Anhui and Jiangxi have become target areas and the models of textile and garment industrial relocation in the eastern region; there is a consistency between the competitive effects and net spatial competitive effects of the industry’s location shift.

Key words: textile and garment industry, location shift, measurement, China