PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (2): 214-222.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2013.02.007

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A study on formation and mechanism of multi-port gateway regions in the China’s container port system

PAN Kunyou1,2,3, CAO Youhui1, LIANG Shuangbo1, WEI Hongyan3,4   

  1. 1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. College of Economics and Management, Yancheng Institute of Technology, Yancheng 224051, China;
    4. Geography College of Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, China
  • Received:2012-04-01 Revised:2012-09-01 Online:2013-02-25 Published:2013-02-07

Abstract: By using Port Primacy Ratio and modified Hirshmann-Herfindahl Index, transformation of the spatial structure of China’s container port systems in recent 13 years has been quantitatively analyzed from the perspective of cargo flows. The results indicate that: (1) the center of gravity of China’s container port system slowly diverts from the Pearl River Delta region to the Yangtze River Delta region. (2) the spatial structure of the container port systems as a whole enters into the "challenge of the periphery" phase; decentralization of container flows becomes the mainstream tendency of the change of the spatial structure of the container port systems. However, the accumulative effects and diffusive effects of the seven major port regions have significant differences. (3) The spatial structures of the container port systems show different characteristics in seven port regions, such as low-level equilibrium, single-gateway, multi-gateway and so on. The spatial structure of multi-gateway port regions has been formed in the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta regions. Macro-control and policy guidance from the government, resource bottleneck at hub ports, facilities and service convergence at peripheral ports, the network expansion of the terminal operators and shipping liners, and expansion and improvement of hinterland transportation networks are the main driving forces of the formation of multi-port spatial structures.

Key words: China, container port system, Hirsh mann-Herfindahl Index, multi-port gateway region, Port Primacy Ratio, spatial structure