PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (12): 1645-1655.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2012.12.010

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Regional Policies, Industrial Attributes and the Evolution of Central Enterprises' Spatial Distribution

LIU Kewen1,2, CAO Youhui1, WANG Cong1,2, YUAN Feng1   

  1. 1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2012-05-01 Revised:2012-07-01 Online:2012-12-25 Published:2012-12-25

Abstract: y creating a“push-pull”model for enterprises’location choices, this paper investigates the change of spatial distribution of the central enterprises with different characteristics at different stages of regional policies, and analyzes the mechanisms and the processes by which the regional policies and the enterprises’attributes affect their spatial distribution. The conclusions are as follows: (1) Driving force for the spatial distribution of the enterprises comes from pushing from inside and pulling from outside, with the former including enterprises’attributes and the industries’characteristics, and the latter including regional policies and regional conditions. (2) Regional policies and industries’characteristics are the major factors affecting the spatial distribution of central enterprises. (3) Overall the change of the spatial distribution of central enterprises coincides with the change of regional policies. However, differences exist between the industries. (4) The central enterprises in capital and resource- intensive industries are affected in large part by the regional policies and regional conditions, while those in the labor-intensive industries prefer the locations with preferential policies and easy transportations. The central enterprises in the high and new-technologies and modern service industries reply more on the factors such as the network of innovation and social capitals, and their spatial distribution is less affected by the regional policies. The central enterprises located at regional metropolises, and those in public services and special industries are hardly affected by the pulling forces from outside.

Key words: central enterprise, industrial attribute, regional policy, spatial distribution