PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (10): 1264-1273.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2012.10.003

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Review on Transnational Institutions in World Cities: A Geographical Perspective

MEI Lin1, XUE Desheng2   

  1. 1. Urban and Environmental Science School of Central China Normal University,Wuhan 430079, China;
    2. Geography and Planning School, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2012-01-01 Revised:2012-05-01 Online:2012-10-25 Published:2012-10-25

Abstract: With the impact of globalization, world political geographical pattern is changed by various cross-boundary actors or embedded actors. The role of transnational institutions, including International Organizations (IGOs), International Non-governmental Organizations (INGOs), Transnational Governmental Organizations (TGOs) and Transnational Non-governmental Organizations (TNGOs), is rising dramatically in global geopolitics. The research in western contemporary geography with a global dimension argues that various transnational institutions create complicated and diversified global political geographical structure, and also global cities system with political features. Moreover, researches with a local dimension argue the role of transnational institutions in the top world political cities. Transnational institutions embed international regulations into the city and also changes urban spatial formation, which becomes the significant influence factor for the development of world cities.
The summary and review on transnational institutions in western contemporary geography in this paper point out the weakness through geographical perspective, which reflects not only nowadays the essentiality of transnational institutions’research, but also some implication and revelation in contemporary political and urban geography in China.

Key words: geographical perspective, political geography, review, transnational institutions, world cities