PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (10): 1256-1263.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2012.10.002

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Basic Perspective and Preliminary Framework for the Theoretical Innovation and Development of Central Place Theory in New Times

WANG Shijun1, FENG Zhangxian1, LIU Daping2, ZHANG Ziwen1   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China;
    2. Jilin Province Requisition Land Center, Changchun 130024, China
  • Received:2012-04-01 Revised:2012-07-01 Online:2012-10-25 Published:2012-10-25

Abstract: The Central Place Theory is one of the important thinking modes and methods to solve practical problems and reveal the regulations in urban geography. Facing times development, social transformation, technique progress and the results of great changes in the city and the region, the Central Place Theory calls for theoretical innovations and development. Firstly, eliminating theoretical limitation to broaden the range of application. The traditional Central Place Theory is based on severe assumptions and is weak for its characteristics of dynamics and property of synthesis on natural-human factors.. Secondly, it needs to re-survey changes in the Central Place System of its external conditions, internal factors, organization form and mechanism in the new background dynamically. And the system acquires perspectives of theoretical innovations, which includes the following. The first perspective is the one of macro-background changes, such as spatial transference of population distribution, urban system recombination and global value chain rising. The second perspective is of influencing factors and mechanism, such as recombination of modem traffic conditions and the Central Place System, information technology and organization networking of producing and living, technology revolution and transference of central place and its diffusion domain, system reform and principles of central place system organization. The third perspective is on changes in Central Place System organization form, such as global city networking, polymerization of cities, and base central place organization. The last one is the perspective of modern technology application, such as RS, GIS and modem statistical method. Finally, it is necessary to step into a stage of improving integrally from researching fragmentary in order to construct a basic framework of innovations and development of the Central Place Theory, which is learnt from the history. (1) Innovations and development aim to guide practical applications and form research paradigms of theory and method. (2) Key contents of innovations and development are as follows: centrality measuring model, strict research conditions alleviation, dynamic Central Place System, Central Place System distortion model, and space nesting of diffusion domain. (3) Three issues are to be solved: modeling natural-human influence mechanism and the central place system, tracing the development of urban environment and central place structure morphology and changing static study into dynamic developing study.

Key words: Central Place System, Central Place Theory, innovations and development, urban geography