PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (8): 1106-1113.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2012.08.015

• Original Articles • Previous Articles    

Residents’Behavior Adjustment to Environmental Pollution in a Coal Mine: A Case Study of Hancheng Mine Area, Shaanxi Province

SHI Xingmin   

  1. College of Tourism and Environment Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710062, China
  • Received:2011-12-01 Revised:2012-01-01 Online:2012-08-25 Published:2012-08-25

Abstract: Located at the juncture of Shanxi and Shaanxi provinces, the transportation network has been developed in the Hancheng coal mine area. There are many heavy industries in this area because it has abundant natrual resources. Enviormnetal pollution is serious and typical in this area, and the residents is anxious about their health. The aim of this paper is to examine the environmental perception and adjustment of residents livng in the coal mine by interviews and 454 valid questionnaires. The influencing factors of environmental perception and adjustment are analyzed through Chi-Square tests, rank sum test and path analysis. The results are obtained as follows: (1) Most of residents rarely take action to protect their rights. Residents preferred to make a call to request improving environment. Some 90.1% of the residents hope that their children can get away from this area due to the environmental pollution. (2) The air pollution adjustments do not vary sigificantly with gender. It is the same with water pollution and noise pollution adjustment. The water pollution and noise pollution adjustments are sigificantly different among age groups. (3) The relation between perception and adjustment:“tolerating the extent of pollution for economic or employment reasons”has negtive effects on“moving attitude”and “appeal attitude”.“Assessment of environmental pollution”has positive effects on“appeal attitude”,“complaint to colleagues”and“avoiding being at home”.“Appeal attitude”and“complaint to colleagues”have positive effects on“protecting resident’s rights activity”.“Satisfaction of environmental protection to the local government” has negtive effects on“protecting residents’rights activity”.

Key words: adjustment, behavior, coal mine, environmental awareness, environmental pollution, Hancheng Mine Area, Shaanxi Province, perception