PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (8): 1013-1023.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2012.08.004

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The Identification of Creative Spaces in Shanghai: Based on the Space Relation of Creative Enterprise

MA Renfeng   

  1. Department of Urban Science, School of Architectural Civil Engineering and Environment, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China
  • Received:2011-11-01 Revised:2012-03-01 Online:2012-08-25 Published:2012-08-25

Abstract: The creative industries (CI), as a newly-flourished set of industries, have triggered worldwide discussion with a consensus that its contribution to the development of economy is evident. As a result, to cultivate CI becomes a critical strategy for industrial upgrading and spatial restructuring in metropolitans or medium-scale cities. Consequently, new characters of urban spatial structure (USS) are emerging due to the distinctiveness of CI themselves. So to explore these new characters in a systematical way at city level from a spatial respect is significant for the academy, as well as for the local government. The inner city has been becoming the dominant area of the development of CI, which then forms new economic space—the creative spaces (CS) emergences. What are CS? There are no unambiguous concepts. With the primary purpose of examining whether or not it exists in metropolises in developing countries like China, and the stage of its growth, the authors took the CI of Shanghai as an example, collected data from yearbooks of the first and second Shanghai economic censuses, and used the method of combining global and local Moran's Index by GeoDA 0.9.5.i, monocentricity & polycentricity autoregressive model of Creative Enterprises (CE), and creative industrial agglomeration forms. The results show that: (1) the route and its methods of Identification of CS is feasible; (2) the spatial correlation of CE in Shanghai in 2004 and 2008 is positive, whereas the correlation coefficient is small, CE spatial distribution is not entirely random, but spatial clustering of the similar values is obvious; (3) the CE are highly concentrated in central Shanghai and two centers Jing'an and Luwan have been formed, but the CBD in Shanghai which include the Bund and the NanjingWest Road is different from that of foreign metropolises.

Key words: creative enterprise, creative enterprise clustering, creative space, Moran Index, Shanghai, spatial correlation