PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (4): 484-490.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2012.04.012

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Research on Spatial Evolution and Development Mechanism of Transport Hubs

DING Jinxue1,2, JIN Fengjun1, WANG Chengjin1, WANG Jiao'e1, LIU Dong1,2,3   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Transport Planning and Research Institute, Ministry of Transport, Beijing 100028, China
  • Received:2011-08-01 Revised:2011-10-01 Online:2012-04-25 Published:2012-04-25

Abstract: The evolution of spatial pattern of transport hubs has been a concern for the transportation geography at home and abroad over a long period of time. Studying the long-term evolution of transport hubs can help grasp the development mechanism of transport hubs, and provide a scientific basis for space optimization. Through a systematic analysis of the development process and spatial patterns of transport hubs since the Qin and Han dynasties in China, it is indicated that there were six stages of space evolution of transport hubs: (1) from the Qin and Han dynasties to the Southern and Northern Dynasties; (2) from the Sui Dynasty to the Tang Dynasty; (3) from the Song Dynasty to the Liao and Jin dynasties; (4) from the Yuan Dynasty to the Ming Dynasty; (5) The Qing Dynasty; (6) from the Republic of China till now. Based on the development path of transport hubs of China in different historical stages, this paper summarized the conditions of transport hubs formation and the general process of spatial evolution, and analyzed the life cycle of transport hubs. On this basis, this paper studied the basic development model of transport hubs, and summarized the spatial layout of transport hubs in China.

Key words: development mechanism, development model, spatial conformation, spatial evolution, transport hub