PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2012, Vol. ›› Issue (1): 20-25.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2012.01.003

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Land Use in Green Belts in the United Kingdom and Its Implications for China: A Case Study of Spelthorne Borough in the Suburbs of London

TAN Minghong1, LI Xiubin1, XIN Liangjie1, CHEN Yuqi2, ZHANG Leina2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. China Land Surveying and Planning Institute, Beijing 100035, China
  • Received:2011-10-01 Revised:2012-01-01 Online:2012-01-25 Published:2012-01-25

Abstract: The policy of Green Belts is regarded as a core element of England plans, which holds an important position in the system of town and country planning in the United Kingdom. The policy plays a key role in controlling urban expansion and protecting the countryside landscape. Land use is one of key contents of the policy of Green Belts. This article firstly introduces the functions and the extent of Green Belts. Then, the planning system of the United Kingdom is explained, among which local plan plays a very important role in land use and the protection of Green Belts. So, taking Spelthorne borough as an example that neighbours the Greater London, this paper examines the land use of Green Belts from four aspects: the selection of housing sites, the coordination of construction activities, the countryside environment and the land use in rural areas. Lastly, the implications derived from the Green Belts land use in the United Kingdom are discussed, which may be helpful for land use of metropolitan areas in China.

Key words: Green Belt, land use, Spelthorne borough, the United Kingdom