PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (11): 1370-1379.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.11.006

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Progress in the Study of Extreme Hydrologic Events Under Climate Change

ZHANG Liping1, DU Hong1, XIA Jun2, XU Xia1   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory ofWater Resources and Hydropower Engineering Sciences,Wuhan University,Wuhan 430072, China;
    2. The Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2010-06-01 Revised:2011-03-01 Online:2011-11-25 Published:2011-11-25

Abstract: Extreme hydrologic events such as floods and droughts caused by abnormal climate change and increased risks of water disasters are becoming the major challenges to the survival of the people survival. In recent years, the research on the change trend, mechanisms, response and prediction of the climate change of the extreme hydrologic events in basins under climate change is drawing more and more attention from the scholars at home and abroad. This paper begins with the definitions of extreme hydrologic events, and then analyzes and reviews the research methods, and hydrologic extreme value distribution, as well as the observation and simulation of extreme hydrologic events. On this basis, this paper makes a discussion on the problems in the present research. The directions of further research are also provided.

Key words: climate change, distribution of extreme values, extreme drought, extreme flood, extreme hydrologic events, extreme precipitation