PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (8): 1028-1036.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.08.010

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The Constraining Factors of Building New Countryside in China and Corresponding International Experiences

HU Zhichao1,2, LONG Hualou1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2010-10-01 Revised:2011-02-01 Online:2011-08-25 Published:2011-08-25

Abstract: The existing problems in the process of implementing the building new countryside policy in China were concluded as follows: (1) the rural hollowing phenomenon is widespread; (2) shortage of funds for rural development is universal and the construction of rural financial system is lagged behind; (3) the development of rural organization is inadequate; (4) the supply of basic public-service and public-goods cannot meet the basic demands in the rural areas; (5) the decision-making system of rural construction is not perfect; and (6) the participating consciousness of farmers is still at a low level. There are some constraining factors in three aspects, i.e., low serving capacity, low safeguarding ability and low public participating level, which hinder the smoothly implementing of building new countryside in China. By analyzing the international experiences of Germany, Belgium, Israel, Netherlands, France, Hungary, England, America, Japan, Korea, Australia and Italy concerning these constraining factors, e.g. land resources supply, talent availability, agricultural industrialization, farmers cooperative organization construction and rural public-goods supply, some policy implications for carrying out new countryside construction in China were obtained in the three aspects of governments, social organization and farmers, respectively.

Key words: building new countryside, China, constraining factor, international experiences