PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (5): 515-521.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.05.001

• Original Articles •     Next Articles

Development Trend and Global Network of Geoparks and Discussion on Several Relative Questions

WEI Dongying1, LIU Changming1,2, QIN Dahe3, WANG Min1   

  1. 1. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    3. Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2011-01-01 Revised:2011-04-01 Online:2011-05-25 Published:2011-05-25

Abstract: In order to protect the geological heritage, the Division of Earth Sciences of UNESCO presented a new concept named UNESCO's"Geoparks Program" to the governing bodies of the organization and the program has been discussed since 1999 and came to its final conclusion in June 2001. The program achieved the full international recognition, and secured their effective political impact, especially from European Union, China and International Geographical Union(IGU) . China is one of the countries which established Geoparks at the earliest stage, and 182 national Geoparks have been established till now, and 24 of them are the members of Global Geopark Network (GGN), and the establishment of the Geoparks made a lot of contribution for the sustainable development of local society and economy. The article introduces the Global Geopark Network (GGN), European Geopark Network(EGN), Commission on Geoparks of International Geographical Union(IGU-CoG) and the status quo of Chinese Geoparks. Connotation of Geopark is explained and the Chinese translation of Geopark is discussed and new translation is suggested by some geographers. Geographers have made a lot of contribution for the development of Geoparks, especially the establishment of Commission on Geoparks of International Geographical Union. The article analyzes the development of Geoparks and the research situation about Geoparks at present and puts forward the research fields that geographers can make more contribution in the future.

Key words: geography, Geopark, Global Geopark Network(GGN), international geographical union