PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (10): 1256-1262.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2010.10.014

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The Management Pattern of Waterfront Areas in Cities and Towns

ZHENG Liaoji1,2, LIU Huiqing2   

  1. 1. Tourism Management College, Liaoning Eastern University;
    Dandong 118001, China;

    2. College of Urban and Environmental Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
  • Online:2010-10-25 Published:2010-10-25


Waterfront areas in the urban and the town areas provide easy opportunities to have access to the public space of good qualities for residents and visitors who are keen on a variety of recreational activities. The objective of this study is to offer a structural equation modeling which helps to identify the structural relationship among waterfront areas about ecological benefits-based management (EBBM). The structural equation model is invented to reliably and validly measure predictive relationships between the constructs of Activity, Setting, Experience, Benefits and Ecological Features. This approach represents a significant departure from the traditional planning model of waterfront areas. The findings indicate that the comprehensive uses of Activity, Setting, Experience, Benefits and Ecological features are applicable in waterfront areas. The EBBM approach recognizes the ecological benefits that waterfront areas contribute to the overall qualities of life in the community, and it contributes to help policymakers take new and emergent findings into account when designing recreation and activity services and initiatives for the 21st century. Waterfront areas perform valuable functions such as providing groundwater recharge areas, wildlife habitat, recreational opportunities, and filtering pollutants from storm water run-off and sediment control. The ecological benefits-based model acknowledges that there are multiple providers of waterfront areas. The most important benefits are to protect the natural surroundings and to have access to water and public lands. Data are collected by using a combination of on-site interview and questionnaires completed by 304 inhabitants and tourists of Dandong. The survey indicates that waterfront areas are needed in the urban and the town areas. The survey also requires respondents to rate the public benefits of waterfront areas. The fit indices show that the model fits the data accurately.

Key words: benefits-based management (BBM), ecological benefits-based management (EBBM), structural equation modeling (SEM), waterfront areas