PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (7): 878-886.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2010.07.015

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Land Policy and the Geographies of Manufacturing Industries: A Case Study of Beijing

GAO Boyang1,2, LIU Weidong1, GLEN Norcliffe3, DU Chao4   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China|
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China|
    3. York University, Toronto, M3J 1L2 Canada|
    4. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2009-06-01 Revised:2010-02-01 Online:2010-07-25 Published:2010-07-25


Since the 1980s, the geography of manufacturing has undergone a dramatic transformation in the cities of China. Land policy reforms have played an important role in these spatial changes. This article takes Beijing as a study case, and investigates the spatial changes of manufacturing using unpublished plant-level data for 1985 and 2004. Interviews with more than 20 of the firms and with the administrative agencies in the development zones, done between April 2007 and June 2008 in Beijing, seek answers to the following two key questions. What are the main characteristics of the spatial changes of manufacturing in Beijing? How does land policy reform affect the process of the spatial changes? The result shows that Beijing has experienced the process both of industrial decentralization out of the center and of agglomeration in various types of development zones across the city. In this process, land policy reforms have the influence in three aspects: (1) the switch from rent free land-use to paid land-use promotes a more optimal spatial structure of manufacturing; (2) land supply system and land planning give direction to the development of the manufacturing industry; (3) land property reforms and the transition from agricultural land to construction land in rural areas accelerate the process of rural industrialization and the development of industrial parks.

Key words: China, decentralization, land policy, manufacturing industry, spatial changes