PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (4): 422-426.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2010.04.005

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The Environmental Problems in Urban Fringes of the Metropolitan Area and the Countermeasures:A Case Study of Fangshan District of Beijing

TAN Minghong1, RAN Shenghong1, MA Suhua2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Science and National Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. China Land Surveying and Planning Institute, Beijing 100035, China
  • Received:2009-08-01 Revised:2010-02-01 Online:2010-04-24 Published:2010-04-24


The urban fringe area is the main region to which urban population and industries moves outwards. As a result, built-up areas expand quickly, and land use changes are dramatic in these areas. Furthermore, the area is adjacent to the large built-up area, and has the similar living style and industrial structure to those of urban areas, which may bring more waste compared with remote rural villages. At the same time, the basic infrastructure is poor in this area. So, the Environmental problems are very serious and sensitive. Fangshan district is located in the southwestern part of Beijing, and is one of typical urban fringes. The Environmental problems of the district discussed in this paper include those related to the processes of land use, use of water resources, the exploitation of mineral resource, and the development of tourism. To solve these problems, corresponding measures are put forward. The research may provide a reference for the study of Environmental problems in urban fringes of big cities.

Key words: Environmental problems, Fangshan District, metropolitan area, urban fringe