PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2007, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (1): 44-55.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2007.01.005

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The Ecological Processes and Landscape Patterns at Alpine Tr eeline Ecotone

YANG Zhenlin1,2, SHI Peili1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of sciences, Beijing 100101, China|
    2. Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 10039, China
  • Received:2006-09-01 Revised:2006-12-01 Online:2007-02-20 Published:2007-02-20


The Alpine Treeline Ecotone (ATE) indicates the characteristics of the complicated ecosystems in the mountainous environment. It can also reflect the transition of the lower vegetations to the alpine vegetations. The location of the treeline is the result of a combination of a great number of unfavorable conditions for tree regeneration, seedling establishment and tree growth. For the sensitivity of the ATE to the climate change, ATE has become a hot topic in the alpine environmental and global change research. Recently, the landscape patterns and ecological processes of the ATE are mainly two aspects of the researches in the ATE. The researches majored in the landscape patterns of the ATE focus mainly on the landscape pattern of the ATE. And the researches majored in ecological processes of the ATE focus mainly on the formation mechanisms of the treeline. The development of GIS enhances the integration of the pattern and process of the ATE, and provides a useful tool to evaluate the relative importance of the biotic and abiotic factors in the research of the ATE.

Key words: global change, landscape pattern, treeline ecotone ecological process

CLC Number: 

  • P935.1