PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2005, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (6): 21-30.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2005.06.003

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatial Planning as a Tool for Ecological and Environmental Protection: the German Experience and its Significance in Chin

MENG Guangwen1, Joachim VOGT2   

  1. 1. Institute of Urban and Environmental Research, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin, 300074, China|
    2. Institute of Regional Science at University of Karlsruhe, Germany
  • Received:2005-08-01 Revised:2005-10-01 Online:2005-11-25 Published:2005-11-25

Abstract:

Federal Republic of Germany experienced a way of Pollution-Treatment-Prevention in the field of ecological and environmental protection, namely a policy transformation from a technological and emergency policy to a political and preventive environmental protection policy. The ecological and environmental protection policyes are formulated together by environmental activists, big enterprises, and academics as well as the local and federal governmental departments concerned, and will be supervised and carried out by a comprehensive monitoring system on a national level. The public has the right to not only learn the results, but also participate in the drawing up and supervision of this policy. Spatial planning, especially ecological and environmental planning have become an important part in preventing ecological and environmental pollution. The German spatial planning system includes 6 levels from the higher level to the grass roots, i.g., EU, Federal Republic of Germany, state, region, city and construction bureau. The implementation of ecological and environmental planning, however, has to face the challenges of the pollution caused by private traffic and small enterprisers as well as the challenges of the location disadvantage caused by the increasing of environmental protection cost on the enterprises. These experiences and lessons of Germany could be used as a point of reference for improving of objectives, policy and measure of ecological and environmental protection as well as formulating, implementing and supervising spatial, ecological and environmental planning in China, including: 1) transformation of ecological and environmental policy from improving technological measures to preventing environmental pollution; 2) assuring the implementation of ecological and environmental protection; 3) regarding spatial planning as a tool to protect the environment and realize regional economic and social sustainable development; and 4) paying more attention to land use for residence, traffic, vocation and nature preservation zone at the technological level of planning.

Key words: ecological and environmental protection, regional planning, spatial planning