PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2004, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (2): 107-114.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2004.02.013

• Original Articles • Previous Articles    

Analytical Scheme on Scale-Structure of Geographical Space

LU Xuejun1, ZHOU Chenghu1, ZHANG Hongyan2, XU Zhigang2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Science and Resources Research,CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Vegetation Restoration for National Environmental Protection, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024,China
  • Received:2003-12-01 Revised:2004-03-01 Online:2004-03-25 Published:2004-03-25


The analytical scheme on scale-structure of geographical space is one of the most important fields in the study of geographical space. Based on scale concepts from geography and landscape ecology, and applying hierachical theory, the paper discusses the issue on macro-, middle- and basic- scales. A spatial hierachical order is primarily setup to present structures and functions of geographical space. The order can be used to reflect spatial structure com-ponents of epigeosphere on different scale levels and their transformation among different levels. The order will help us to find out inherent causes and their forming ways of kinds of geographical phenomena on the basic scale, and to explore representation of different regional geographical phenomena and their dynamic mechanism of changing process on the middle scale. Traditional geography has advantage to research macro-space with disadvantage for micro-scale. The reasonable cognition for the hierachical order will be useful for geographical studies on combination of macro mechanism and micro function. It will also be foundation for integration of qualitative and quantitative methods in modern geography.

Key words: geographical space, hierachical order, scale-structure