地理科学进展 ›› 2004, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (4): 28-34.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2004.04.004

• 生态环境与碳循环 • 上一篇    下一篇

能源合理利用与CO2减排的国际经验及其对我国的启示

郎一环1, 王礼茂1, 王冬梅2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101;
    2. 石油大学, 北京 102249
  • 收稿日期:2004-02-01 修回日期:2004-06-01 出版日期:2004-07-24 发布日期:2010-08-07
  • 作者简介:郎一环(1939-), 男, 山西省代县人, 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所研究员、博士生导师, 主要从事资源与环境研究工作,发表学术论文100余篇。
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院知识创新重大项目(KZCX1-SW-01-18)和国家重点基础研究发展规划项目 (2002CB412508)共同资助.

International Experience of the Rational Energy Use and CO2 Emission Reduction

LANG Yihuan1, WANG Limao1, WANG Dongmei2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographical Science and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101;
    2. University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249
  • Received:2004-02-01 Revised:2004-06-01 Online:2004-07-24 Published:2010-08-07

摘要:

减少温室气体排放,以减缓和控制气候变化,是《联合国气候变化框架公约》和《京都议定书》的主要目标。美英法德日等主要发达国家,在工业化道路上,已走过数百年的历程,积累了包括能源节约和CO2减排在内的先进技术和丰富经验。为了减少CO2排放,实现可持续发展,必须借鉴国外在能源利用、结构调整和节能方面的经验。可供我国借鉴的国外经验主要有:(1)制订和实施能源合理利用与减少CO2排放的发展战略;(2)建立和健全法律;(3)调整能源结构;(4)运用经济激励的政策和手段。

关键词: 国际经验, 能源合理利用, 碳减排

Abstract:

One of the key goal in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol is that reducing greenhouse gas emissions and control climate change. The main developed countries, such as US, U.K., France, German and Japan, have cost several hundred years in their industrialization. As a result, they have accumulated some advanced technology and experience in energy saving and CO2 emission reduction. As China′s economy developed fast and population increasing, energy will be exploited greatly and the emission of CO2 will also be increased greatly. So we should make our best endeavors to control and reduce the emission of greenhouse, whether in the view of sustainable develop or under an international obligation. In order to reduce the emission of CO2 and realize sustainable development we should learn the developed countries experience on energy use, structural adjustment and energy saving. Some foreign experience we can learn from is as follows: (1) planning and carrying out development strategies of rational energy use and CO2 emission reduction; (2) establishing and improving laws; (3) adjusting energy structure; and (4) implementing economic incentive policies and measures.

Key words: carbon emission reduction, international experience, rational energy use