地理科学进展 ›› 2004, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (4): 87-96.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2004.04.011

• 城市地理与城镇规划 • 上一篇    下一篇

湖北省随州城市化进程中人口变动及其对土地利用的影响

张军岩1,2, 王国霞1,2, 李 娟1,2, 鲁 奇1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院,北京 100039
  • 收稿日期:2004-03-01 修回日期:2004-05-01 出版日期:2004-07-24 发布日期:2010-08-07
  • 作者简介:张军岩(1973-),女,河北省石家庄市人,博士研究生,主要从事土地利用与乡村发展研究。 E-mail: zhangjy@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    中国-欧盟科技合作项目(编号ICA4-CT-2002-10004)、国家自然科学基金项目(编号:70173022)资助。

Population Changes in Urbanization Progress and the Influence on Land Use in Suizhou City

ZHANG Junyan1,2, WANG Guoxia1,2, LI Juan1,2, LU Qi1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Science and Natural Resources, CAS, Beijing 100101;
    2. Graduated School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039
  • Received:2004-03-01 Revised:2004-05-01 Online:2004-07-24 Published:2010-08-07

摘要:

采用GIS技术及多种统计分析方法,对湖北省随州市城市化进程中人口变动状况及其对土地利用方式的影响进行了整体分析,初步揭示了城市化的综合发展状态及其所包含的人口及土地两个方面的变化特征,并明确了人口变化的主导作用。分析表明,随州城市化处于中期发展阶段并呈现与工业化同步的发展状态,在此前提下城镇人口迅速增长,空间分布向中心市区集中,但农业就业比重偏高,同时土地利用方式发生相应的变化。

关键词: 城市化进程, 湖北, 人口变动, 随州市, 土地利用

Abstract:

In urbanization progress, population changes are the main factor to understand all other changes, especially land use changes. Through the study on population urbanization and its influence on land use, we can master the whole characters of urbanization development in certain region. And this will be important to urbanization research and the discussion of connection between population and land. Based on methods of GIS and statistics, we analyze the urbanization progress, the population changes in time span, in space and in employment structure and the influence of population changes on land use changes in Suizhou city. The study shows: (1) In Suizhou city, the urban level is at the second stage (>30%) and the urbanization develops in the same rate as the industrialization. (2) In urbanization progress, the urban population increases rapidly but total population has begun to decrease. And the population distributes evenly in the whole region while also concentrating in the center city to some extent. (3) Relative to the second stage of industrialization in Suizhou city, the proportion of agricultural employment is higher than normal. And this results from its natural conditions. (4) In Suizhou city, population changes influence on land use mainly through the expansion of cities using agricultural land, especially cultivated land.

Key words: Hubei, land use, population changes, Suizhou city, urbanization progress