地理科学进展 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (10): 1263-1272.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2010.10.015

• 旅游地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

民族县域旅游发展定量综合评价——以黔东南苗族侗族自治州16 个民族县域为例

李瑞1,2, 殷红梅3   

  1. 1. 贵州师范大学地理与环境科学学院,贵阳550001;
    2. 凯里学院旅游与经济发展学院,凯里556000;
    3. 贵州师范大学国际旅游文化学院,贵阳550001
  • 出版日期:2010-10-25 发布日期:2010-10-25
  • 通讯作者: 殷红梅(1966-),女,四川渠县人,硕士生导师,教授,副院长,主要从事区域旅游规划与开发方面的教学与研究。E-mail: yinhm_2004@126.com E-mail:liruigznu2008@163.com;yinhm_2004@126.com
  • 作者简介:李瑞(1984-)|男|四川南充人|硕士研究生|助教|主要从事民族区域旅游发展评价、民族村寨旅游研究。E-mail: liruigznu2008@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    贵州省优秀科技教育人才省长资金项目(黔省专合字[2006]26 号);贵州省人文社会科学基地研究项目(08JD018);贵州师范大学研究生专项创新基金(研[2010]12 号).

Tourism Development in Minority Counties: Taking 16 Minority Counties of the Miao and Dong minorities' Autonomous Prefecture of Southeast Guizhou as an Example

LI Rui1,2, YIN Hongmei3   

  1. 1. School of Geographical &|Environmental Science, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550001, China;
    2. School of Tourism &|Economic Development, Kaili College, Kaili 556000, China;
    3. School of International Tourism &|Culture, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550001, China
  • Online:2010-10-25 Published:2010-10-25

摘要:

自我国全面实施西部大开发战略以来,民族地区旅游发展取得了质的飞跃。通过检索研究文献发现,民族地区旅游发展已成为国内旅游理论界研究的一个稳定方向。然而实践表明:基于区域微观尺度的民族县域旅游发展优劣是衡量民族地区旅游可持续发展的重要标尺之一,因此对民族县域旅游发展进行科学评价,才能有的放矢地为民族地区旅游可持续发展制定出适宜策略。本文构建了民族县域旅游发展的资源—经济—环境综合评价指标体系,运用因子分析法和系统聚类分析法对黔东南苗族侗族自治州16 个民族县域旅游发展进行了定量研究。研究结果表明:优势发展县域凯里(市)综合评价得分最高为1.510,显示出其作为黔东南州首府旅游发展及其经济社会发展的综合基础优势;极核发展县域雷山、镇远、施秉、黎平、从江和榕江旅游发展速度较快,逐渐成长为黔东南州旅游发展的核心民族县域;均衡发展县域锦屏、台江、剑河、黄平、麻江和丹寨发展潜力较大;滞后发展县域岑巩、三穗和天柱发展较为缓慢。上述结果揭示了民族县域旅游发展相似性和差异性的特点和规律,为民族县域旅游可持续发展研究提供了参考依据。

关键词: 定量, 旅游发展, 民族县域, 黔东南州, 综合评价

Abstract:

Tourism development in minority areas has achieved a qualitative leap in west China since comprehensively implementing development strategies of west China. The authors also discovered that the research literatures about tourism development in minority areas had became a stable research direction in the field of tourism theories in China. However, the practices of tourism development in minority areas in China indicated that tourism development level was one of the important roles for weighing the tourism sustainable development in minority areas of western China. Therefore, evaluation should be conducted scientifically of the tourism development in various minority counties, and the strategies for sustainable tourism development in various minority areas should be formulated with clear goals. This article established a comprehensive evaluation index system for the county tourism development in minority regions of western China. At the same time, it used factor analysis (FA) and hierarchical clustering analysis (HCA) to analyze quantitatively and evaluate comprehensively the tourism development of 16 minority counties in the Miao and Dong minorities' Autonomous Prefecture of southeast Guizhou. The results indicated that the overall evaluation score for the county with a developed tourism (Kaili) was 1.510. Counties with better tourism (Leishan, Zhenyuan, Shibing, Liping, Congjiang and Rongjiang) developed comparatively quickly and gradually grew up as the core tourism counties. Counties with moderately developed tourism (Jinping, Taijiang, Jianhe, Huangping, Majiang and Danzhai) had a large development potential. Counties with undeveloped tourism (Cengong, Sansui and Tianzhu) developed comparatively slowly. Above conclusions revealed the characteristic and regular pattern of tourism development of minority counties in order to provide the conference foundations on tourism sustainable development of minority counties..

Key words: Autonomous Prefecture of Southeast Guizhou, comprehensive evaluation, quantitatively, tourism development, minority county