地理科学进展 ›› 2004, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (4): 19-27.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2004.04.003

• 生态环境与碳循环 • 上一篇    下一篇

新疆阿勒泰地区的生态环境问题及解决对策

康相武1, 吴绍宏1, 杨勤业1, 杨佩国1, 马 欣2, 刘自强2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101;
    2. 新疆师范大学生命与环境科学学院, 乌鲁木齐 830054
  • 收稿日期:2004-03-01 修回日期:2004-04-01 出版日期:2004-07-24 发布日期:2010-08-07
  • 作者简介:康相武(1975-),男,博士研究生,主要从事景观生态、沙漠化防治及洪水灾害治理等环境整治方面的研究。E-mail:kangxw@igsnrr. ac. cn
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所知识创新工程领域前沿项目(CXIOG-A02-03)。

Ecological Environment Problems and Sustainable Development Strategy in Altay Prefecture,Xinjiang

KANG Xiangwu1, WU Shaohong1, YANG Qinye1, YANG Peiguo1, MA Xin2, LIU Ziqiang2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. The Geography Department of Xinjiang Normal University, Urumq 830054
  • Received:2004-03-01 Revised:2004-04-01 Online:2004-07-24 Published:2010-08-07

摘要:

新疆阿勒泰地区的生态环境从上世纪50年代至今经历了曲折的变化过程,但是总体来说该区生态环境一直在退化,只是在不同时期其退化的速度有所不同。虽然目前阿勒泰地区的生态环境恶化趋势有所减缓,但是曾经导致阿勒泰地区生态环境退化的问题并没有完全得到解决。纵观从1950年代至今的生态环境变化,阿勒泰地区的草场退化、森林资源剧减、耕地次生盐渍化、沼泽化、土地沙漠化、河流水量减少、虫鼠灾害及工矿对环境破坏等生态环境问题及其形成原因在我国的西部具有较强的代表性,因此本文试图通过回顾阿勒泰地区生态环境问题和恶化过程,分析其生态环境恶化的原因,并探寻在科学发展观指导下的可持续发展对策。

关键词: 阿勒泰, 持续发展, 对策, 生态环境

Abstract:

Along with the rapid development of economic in recent years, the level of people life and society production have been greatly improved in Altay Prefecture, Xinjiang. Its ecology environment problems, however, have been becoming more and more serious and have become the major restrictive factors for the rapid and sustainable economic development in Altay. They are as follows at present:(1)grassland degeneration;(2)forest decrease;(3)soil secondary salinization; (4)land desertification; and so on. In this paper, the main ecology environment problems existing in Altay Prefecture are discussed, and their formation causes are analyzed. It is pointed out that sustainable development is the urgent demand and necessary choice for the economic and society development in Altay Prefecture. Based on these, Some countermeasures are put forward. For examples, it is suggested to restrict population quantity and enhance people constitution, to strengthen the enforcement of environmental protection laws and build up environmental awarenees, and so on.

Key words: Altay Prefecture, countermeasure, ecology environment, sustainable development