地理科学进展 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (4): 452-462.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.04.008

• 区域经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

欠发达地区农户消费行为空间结构演变特征——以湖北省黄冈市为例

李伯华1, 刘沛林1,2, 张博野3, 田亚平1   

  1. 1. 湖南衡阳师范学院资源环境与旅游管理系,衡阳421008;
    2. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京100871;
    3. 华中师范大学城市与环境科学学院,武汉430079
  • 收稿日期:2010-06-01 修回日期:2010-08-01 出版日期:2011-04-25 发布日期:2011-04-25
  • 作者简介:李伯华(1979-),男,博士,讲师,研究方向为城乡发展与区域规划。E-mail: libeny_2058@yahoo.com.cn
  • 基金资助:

    教育部人文社科一般项目(10YJCZH067);湖南省社会科学基金(2010YBB031);湖南省教育厅重点项目(09A014);湖南省自然科学基金联合项目(10JJ6063);湖南省高校科技创新团队支持计划和衡阳师范学院人才引进科研启动项目(09B07)。

The Evolution of Spatial Structure of Rural Households'Consuming Behaviors in Undeveloped Rural Areas and Its Influencing Factors: A Case of Ercheng Town in Hubei Province

LI Bohua1, LIU Peilin1,2, ZHANG Boye3, TIAN Yaping1   

  1. 1. Department of Geography & Tourism Management, Hengyang Normal University, Hengyang 421008, China;
    2. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
    3. College of Urban and Environmental Science, Huazhong Normal University,Wuhan 430079, China
  • Received:2010-06-01 Revised:2010-08-01 Online:2011-04-25 Published:2011-04-25

摘要: 农户消费活动空间是乡村空间结构的一种表现和组成部分,在受到乡村已有的物质空间和社会空间结构影 响的同时,也不断塑造并形成新的乡村空间结构。在对湖北黄冈二程镇8 个村100 家农户的访谈和问卷调查的基础 上,总结了农户消费行为空间结构演变的一般规律和影响机制。研究结构表明:10 年来,农户消费的平均空间距离 总体上有缩短趋势;农户消费不同类型商品的地点和圈层结构变化呈现不同特点;农户消费行为的空间等级结构有 较大变化,除家用电器的消费空间等级没有变化外,其他商品的消费空间等级均发生了较大变化,总体趋势是消费 空间等级下移;影响农户消费行为空间结构演变的因素很多,归纳起来有制度因素、交通条件和个人消费需求偏好 等;农村与城市居民的消费行为空间结构具有一定的相似性,但也存在较大差异性。

关键词: 等级结构, 湖北黄冈市, 空间结构, 农户, 消费行为, 影响因素

Abstract: The space for rural households' consuming behavior space is a part and a parcel of rural spatial structure. Under the influence of the existing rural material spatial structure and social spatial structure, rural households' consuming behavior space forms a new rural spatial structure. Based on the interviews and questionnaires to 100 rural households of 8 villages in Ercheng Town, Hubei Province, this article summarized the general rule and the mechanism of the spatial structure evolution of rural households' consuming behaviors. The results show that the average distance of rural households' consuming behaviors reduces in general, the characteristics of places and structures of circles and layers of households'consuming behaviors become different, and spatial hierarchy structures of rural households' consuming behaviors change greatly and move down in general except for household appliances. Influencing factors mainly include system factors, transportation conditions and individual preference of consumption demand. The spatial structures of rural households and urban inhabitants consuming behaviors have a great discrepancy although they have certain degree of similarities.

Key words: consuming behaviors, Haunggang of Hubei province, hierarchy structure, influencing factors, rural households, spatial structure