地理科学进展 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (4): 409-416.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.04.003

• 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所70周年所庆专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国农业地理与乡村发展研究进展及展望——建所70周年农业与乡村地理研究回顾与前瞻

刘彦随, 龙花楼   

  1. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2010-01-01 修回日期:2010-07-01 出版日期:2011-04-25 发布日期:2011-04-25
  • 作者简介:刘彦随(1965-),男,陕西绥德人,研究员,博士生导师,中国地理学会农业地理与乡村发展专业委员会主任。主要从事土地利用和农业与农村发展研究。发表论文200 余篇,出版著作9部。E-mail: liuys@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金重点项目(40635029);中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX2-EW-304)。

Agricultural Geography and Rural Development in China: Research Progress and Prospect

LIU Yansui, LONG Hualou   

  1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2010-01-01 Revised:2010-07-01 Online:2011-04-25 Published:2011-04-25

摘要: 本文回顾了中国农业地理与乡村发展学科的简要历程,分析了相关研究进展、取得的重要成果及其社会影响,展望了适应国家战略需求的中国农业地理与乡村发展领域创新研究任务及科学命题。未来中国农业生产的区域化、基地化与乡村发展的城镇化、产业化趋势日益明显,在落实科学发展观和“五个统筹”战略导向下,扎实推进新农村建设与统筹城乡协调发展、兼顾农业经济与社会问题、处理乡村发展与环境保护关系,亟需农业地理与乡村发展的专业理论创新和学术成果的有力支撑。农业地理与乡村发展研究学者理应弘扬地理学为农业与农村服务的优良传统,适应新形势、剖析新问题,为国家战略需求做出新贡献。

关键词: 空心村, 农业地理, 乡村发展, 新农村建设, 中国

Abstract: This paper reviews the development course of the disciplines of agricultural geography and rural development in China, analyzes the related research progress, major achievements and their social impacts, and prospects for the new innovative research tasks and scientific propositions in the fields of agricultural geography and rural development to meet the needs of national strategies. In the future, there will be an obvious trend of regionalized and base-oriented agricultural production, and also an increasing trend of urbanization and industrialization in the rural development in China. As such, there is an urgent need for the innovative researches on agricultural geography and rural development to provide strong support to realize the coordinated and balanced rural-urban development, and the balance between agricultural economy and social issues, and to appropriately deal with the relationship between rural development and environmental protection. In order to keep up with the pace of the national economic development, agricultural and rural geographers should continue the tenet of geography research serving for the development of agriculture and rural areas, and solving new problems under new situations to make more contributions to meeting the needs of national strategies.

Key words: agricultural geography, building new countryside, China, hollowed village, rural development