地理科学进展 ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (3): 487-497.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2021.03.012

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

土地整治与乡村振兴——土地利用多功能性视角

姜棪峰1,2(), 龙花楼1,3,*(), 唐郁婷2   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2.宁波诺丁汉大学地理科学系,浙江 宁波 315100
    3.中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2020-08-14 修回日期:2020-11-05 出版日期:2021-03-28 发布日期:2021-05-28
  • 通讯作者: 龙花楼
  • 作者简介:姜棪峰(1992—),男,湖南武冈人,博士生,主要从事城乡发展与土地利用转型研究。E-mail: Yanfeng.Jiang@nottingham.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41971216);国家自然科学基金项目(41731286);广西自然科学基金项目(2018GXNSFDA281032);广西自然科学基金项目(2018GXNSFAA138055)

Land consolidation and rural vitalization:A perspective of land use multifunctionality

JIANG Yanfeng1,2(), LONG Hualou1,3,*(), TANG Yuting2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. School of Geographical Sciences, University of Nottingham Ningbo China, Ningbo 315100, Zhejiang, China
    3. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2020-08-14 Revised:2020-11-05 Online:2021-03-28 Published:2021-05-28
  • Contact: LONG Hualou
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41971216);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41731286);Natural Science Foundation of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region(2018GXNSFDA281032);Natural Science Foundation of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region(2018GXNSFAA138055)

摘要:

长期以来乡村土地利用功能的供需不平衡是造成乡村问题的主要原因之一。论文基于土地利用多功能性视角,以“供给—需求”“要素—结构—功能”为主线,阐释了农村土地整治与乡村振兴的互馈关系,探讨了如何通过农村土地整治实现乡村土地利用功能的供需平衡,进而促进乡村振兴。研究结果如下:① 综合土地整治是一种多功能的土地利用方式,是当前解决乡村问题、促进乡村振兴的重要手段,其本质是从以经济效益为主的生产主义向兼顾社会、经济、环境等的非生产主义的转变。② 乡村土地利用具有生产、生活、生态、文化等4种主要功能,满足乡村振兴在经济、社会、环境、文化等方面的需求,其中生产功能分为农业、商业、工业生产功能,生活功能分为居住、就业和公共服务功能。③ 农村土地整治沿整合土地利用要素、重组土地利用结构、优化土地利用功能的路径,从供给侧因地制宜地平衡乡村发展对土地利用多功能的需求。④ 今后,农村土地整治与乡村振兴的研究应该考虑不同空间尺度下土地整治对于乡村振兴的作用机制与模式,定量分析土地整治影响下土地利用的多功能供给以及不同类型乡村发展对土地利用功能的需求,从而为土地利用和乡村振兴规划的制定和实施提供科学依据。

关键词: 多功能理论, 土地利用, 农村土地整治, 乡村发展, 供需关系, 要素—结构—功能

Abstract:

The long-term supply-demand imbalance of rural land use functions (RLUFs) is one of the main reasons for rural issues in China. Based on the multifunctionality theory, this study explained the mutual relationship between rural land consolidation (RLC) and rural vitalization with a focus on supply-demand and element-structure-function relationships, and then discussed how to realize the supply-demand balance of RLUFs through RLC so as to promote sustainable rural development. The results show that: 1) Comprehensive rural land consolidation is a multifunctional land use method and an important means to solve rural issues for promoting rural vitalization. In essence, it is the transition from productivism that focuses on economic benefits to non-productivism that takes social, economic, and environmental benefits as a whole. 2) RLUFs include production, living, ecological, and cultural functions, corresponding to the economic, social, enviromental, and cultural demands of rural vitalization. The production functions are divided into agricultural, commercial, and industrial functions, and living functions include residential, employment, and public service functions. 3) Along the path of integrating land use elements, restructuring land use structures, and optimizing land use functions, RLC promotes the supply-demand balance of RLUFs from the supply side according to local conditions. 4) In future research, the mechanisms and modes of RLC impact on rural vitalization at different spatial scales, as well as quantitative analysis of the functional supply of land use and the functional demand of rural vitalization under the influence of RLC should be given more attention, thus laying a scientific foundation for the formulation and implementation of land use and rural vitalization planning.

Key words: multifunctionality theory, land use, rural land consolidation, rural development, supply-demand relationship, element-structure-function