地理科学进展 ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (2): 330-342.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2021.02.013

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

人地系统适应性研究进展:概念、理论框架与方法

尹莎1, 杨新军1,2, 陈佳1,2,*()   

  1. 1. 西北大学城市与环境学院,西安 710127
    2. 陕西省地表系统与环境承载力重点实验室,西安 710127
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-06 修回日期:2020-07-28 出版日期:2021-02-28 发布日期:2021-04-28
  • 通讯作者: 陈佳
  • 作者简介:尹莎(1992— ),女,湖南衡阳人,博士生,研究方向为乡村人地系统适应性。E-mail: jennifer_yinsha@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41901168);国家自然科学基金项目(41771574);教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(19YJCZH006);中国博士后科学基金项目(2019M653888XB)

Progress of research on adaptation of human-environment systems: Concepts, theoretical frameworks, and methods

YIN Sha1, YANG Xinjun1,2, CHEN Jia1,2,*()   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Northwest University, Xi'an 710127, China
    2. Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Earth Surface System and Environmental Carrying Capacity, Xi'an 710127, China
  • Received:2020-06-06 Revised:2020-07-28 Online:2021-02-28 Published:2021-04-28
  • Contact: CHEN Jia
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No(41901168);National Natural Science Foundation of China, No(41771574);Youth Foundation of Humanities and Social Sciences of Ministry of Education of China, No(19YJCZH006);China Postdoctoral Science Foundation, No(2019M653888XB)

摘要:

适应性研究旨在通过主体对外部环境变化的调整,以削减其负面影响并改善适应能力,是实现人地系统可持续发展的重要途径。鉴于目前对适应性理论体系缺乏统一认识和系统梳理,论文通过对国内外人地系统适应性研究文献总结,从概念内涵、理论框架和方法对适应性研究进展进行了总结,并提出了适应性研究的科学范式。研究发现:① 学术界对适应性概念的理解并未达成科学共识,阻碍了通用的适应性研究理论体系的构建。② 现有适应性分析框架多是基于全球变化领域理论框架基础的延伸和修订。③ 适应性研究缺乏具有代表性的方法,以借用脆弱性、恢复力评估方法和指标体系为主。因此,统一的适应性概念和理论体系的构建亟需加强,而国外既有积累的理论经验并不通用,中国化的适应性分析框架、方法是未来的重要研究方向。同时,应强化人类社会和自然环境“综合”的人地系统适应性研究,注重多尺度结合的适应性动态分析。

关键词: 适应性, 人地系统, 适应能力, 分析框架

Abstract:

The purpose of adaptation research is to reduce the negative effects of external environment and improve adaptation through the adjustment of the subject to the changes of the external environment, which is an important way to realize the sustainable development of human-environment systems. In view of the lack of a unified understanding and systematic review of the adaptation theories, this article summarized the progress of research on adaptation from the concepts, theoretical frameworks, and methods by examining the literature on adaptation of human-environment systems in China and internationally, and put forward a scientific paradigm of adaptation research. The findings are as follows: 1) There is no scientific consensus on the concept of adaptation in academia, which hinders the construction of a general theoretical system of adaptation research. 2) The existing analytical frameworks of adaptation are mostly based on the extension and revision of the theoretical framework in the field of global change. 3) There is no representative method in adaptation research, which mainly uses vulnerability and resilience assessment methods and index systems. Therefore, the construction of a unified concept and theoretical system of adaptation needs to be strengthened. The existing theoretical research in other countries may not be universally applicable, and an analytical framework and method of adaptation research specifically useful in China should be an important research direction in the future. Simultaneously, it is necessary to strengthen the research on integrated adaptation of human-environment systems considering both human society and the natural environment, and pay attention to the dynamic analysis of adaptation with a combination of multiple scales.

Key words: adaptation, human-environment system, adaptive capacity, analytical framework