地理科学进展 ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (2): 220-231.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2021.02.004

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

长三角地区城市土地利用与生态环境效应的交互作用机制研究

杨清可1, 段学军2,3,*(), 王磊2,3, 王雅竹2,3   

  1. 1. 南京财经大学公共管理学院,南京210023
    2. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所,南京 210008
    3. 中国科学院流域地理学重点实验室,南京 210008
  • 收稿日期:2020-02-08 修回日期:2020-03-27 出版日期:2021-02-28 发布日期:2021-04-28
  • 通讯作者: 段学军
  • 作者简介:杨清可(1986— ),男,山东滕州人,讲师,从事区域规划与土地利用研究。E-mail: yangqingke66@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFD1100101);国家自然科学基金项目(41601169);江苏高校哲学社会科学研究项目(2020SJA0276)

Mechanism of interaction between urban land expansion and ecological environment effects in the Yangtze River Delta

YANG Qingke1, DUAN Xuejun2,3,*(), WANG Lei2,3, WANG Yazhu2,3   

  1. 1. School of Public Administration, Nanjing University of Finance & Economics, Nanjing 210023, China;
    2. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Watershed Geographic Sciences, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
  • Received:2020-02-08 Revised:2020-03-27 Online:2021-02-28 Published:2021-04-28
  • Contact: DUAN Xuejun
  • Supported by:
    National Key R&D Program of China, No(2018YFD1100101);National Natural Science Foundation of China, No(41601169);Project of Philosophy and Social Science Research in Colleges and Universities in Jiangsu Province, No(2020SJA0276)

摘要:

论文以“长江三角洲城市经济协调会”内16个核心成员城市作为典型案例,构建城市土地利用与生态环境效应评价指标体系,运用灰色关联评价模型探究2000—2015年间城市土地利用与生态环境效应的时空演变规律与耦合度变化,解析系统间交互作用机制。结果表明:① 长三角地区城市土地利用指数不断增加,社会经济发展与土地利用开发均起到正向促进作用。社会经济发展对城市生产、生活空间和环境质量产生更多需求,建设用地扩张、耕地面积被侵占、人口承载增大也是导致城市土地利用指数上升的重要因素。② 区域生态环境质量整体表现平稳,效应映射到空间上,变化幅度与演变特征明显。浙江省的城市生态环境质量高于上海与江苏的城市,这与环境自净能力、污染处理设施建设以及生态保护理念的宣传等因素相关。③ 城市土地利用与生态环境效应耦合度较低的城市占多数,处于失调状态。城镇化进程中用地扩张呈现低密度、分散化倾向,对生态安全和环境质量扰动强烈,导致城市土地利用与生态环境保护的空间偏离度加大。④ 城市土地利用系统与生态环境系统各要素间存在较强的相互作用关系,要素胁迫与约束作用强度大小差异明显。

关键词: 城市土地利用, 生态环境效应, 交互作用机制, 长三角地区

Abstract:

Taking the Yangtze River Delta as the research object, this study established the correlation model and coupling degree model for evaluating the mechanism of interaction between urban land expansion and ecological environment effects by using grey correlation analysis method. It explored the pattern of temporal and spatial variation and coupling degree characteristics of urban land expansion and ecological environment effects and change, and analyzed the interactions between the two systems. The results show that: 1) The index of urban land expansion in the Yangtze River Delta has been increasing, and the socioeconomic development and land use development have played a significant positive role. Socioeconomic development imposes a demand for greater urban production and living space and higher environmental quality. The increase of construction land area, the high-intensity expansion and the decrease of population density are all important reasons for the increase of urban land expansion index. 2) The overall performance of the regional ecological environment quality is stable, and the ecological environment effect is reflected in its spatial differentiation, with obvious characteristics of spatial and temporal change. The ecological environment quality of the cities in Zhejiang Province is significantly higher than that of Shanghai Municipality and Jiangsu Province, which is closely related to the regional environmental carrying capacity, the construction of pollution control facilities, and the propagation of ecological protection concepts. 3) Most cities have low coupling degree between urban land expansion and ecological environment effect, and the relationship between the two systems is in a state of imbalance. In the process of urbanization, land expansion tends to be low-density and decentralized, which strongly threatens the ecological security and environmental quality and lead to the increase of spatial disparity between urban land development and ecological environment protection. 4) There is a strong interaction between the elements of urban land expansion system and ecological environment system in the Yangtze River Delta, and the forces of each element are slightly different. The stressing effect of urban land expansion on ecological environment is gradually increasing, while the restraining effect of ecological environment on urban land expansion is decreasing.

Key words: urban land expansion, ecological environment effect, mechanism of interaction, Yangtze River Delta