地理科学进展 ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (1): 28-39.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2021.01.003

• 新时代的城乡融合发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

从在地化、去地化到再地化:中国城镇化进程中的人地关系转型

曾国军(), 徐雨晨*(), 王龙杰, 钟淑如   

  1. 中山大学旅游学院, 广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2020-07-16 修回日期:2020-09-23 出版日期:2021-01-28 发布日期:2021-03-28
  • 通讯作者: 徐雨晨
  • 作者简介:曾国军(1977— ),男,湖南华容人,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为饮食地理。E-mail: zenggj@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    英国经济和社会研究委员会国际合作项目(BH170896);国家自然科学基金项目(41901164);国家自然科学基金项目(41971190);国家自然科学基金项目(42071174)

From localization to de-localization and re-localization: Transformation of the human-land relationship in China’s urbanization process

ZENG Guojun(), XU Yuchen*(), WANG Longjie, ZHONG Shuru   

  1. School of Tourism Management, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2020-07-16 Revised:2020-09-23 Online:2021-01-28 Published:2021-03-28
  • Contact: XU Yuchen
  • Supported by:
    Economic and Social Research Council International Cooperation Project(BH170896);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41901164);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41971190);National Natural Science Foundation of China(42071174)

摘要:

人地关系是透视中国城镇化进路的重要视角。论文在历史向度上分析了城镇化进程中人地关系转型的发展脉络和基本逻辑,认为中国人地关系经历了在地化、去地化和再地化3个阶段。在地化阶段,农本立国的经济形态决定了人们对乡土的经济依附和情感依恋,人地关系的在地化逻辑难以动摇;去地化阶段,中国的工业化、城镇化转型推动农民离土出乡,人不离土的价值观束缚发生了结构性松动,在土地与户籍制度的影响下,被动失地的农民与主动离地的农民共同主导了人地关系的去地化过程;再地化阶段,制度变革引领农民真正成为城镇化的主体,乡愁推动城乡文明走向共生,二者助推中国人地关系重塑。对人地关系变迁的历史脉络和基本逻辑的梳理,可以为适应新时代的人地关系的制度调节和新型城镇化道路的顺利实践提供理论借鉴。

关键词: 人地关系, 新型城镇化, 在地化, 去地化, 再地化

Abstract:

The relationship between people and land provides an important perspective on urbanization paths. This study analyzed the development context and basic logic of the transformation of human-land relationship in China, and argued that the relationship between people and land has gone through three stages: localization, de-localization, and re-localization. In the stage of localization, the economic form of the country based on agriculture determined people's economic dependence and emotional attachment to the countryside, and the logic of localization is hard to shake. In the de-localization stage, the transformation of industrialization and urbanization in China pushed farmers to leave the agricultural fields and leave the countryside, and structural changes occurred to the value constraint that people cannot be separated from their lands. Under the influence of land use institutions and the household registration system, the passive landless farmers and those leaving the land behind at their own will jointly led the de-localization process of human-land relationship. In the stage of re-localization, the institutional reform led the farmers to become the main agent of urbanization. Nostalgia promotes the coexistence of urban and rural civilizations, which helps reshape the relationship between people and land. Finally, this article maintained that examining the historical context and basic logic of the transformation of human-land relationship can provide a theoretical reference for the institutional adjustment of human-land relationship in the new era and the smooth implementation of new urbanization.

Key words: human-land relationship, new urbanization, localization, de-localization, re-localization