地理科学进展 ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (1): 3-14.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2021.01.001

• 新时代的城乡融合发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

乡村振兴下的聚落研究——来自经济地理学视角

李小建1,2(), 胡雪瑶1, 史焱文2, 杨慧敏2   

  1. 1.河南大学环境与规划学院/黄河文明与可持续发展研究中心,河南 开封 475004
    2.河南财经政法大学城乡协调发展河南省协同创新中心/河南省城乡空间数据挖掘院士工作站,郑州 450046
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-22 修回日期:2020-11-11 出版日期:2021-01-28 发布日期:2021-03-28
  • 作者简介:李小建(1954— ),男,河南孟津人,教授,博士生导师,国际欧亚科学院院士,主要研究方向为经济地理学。E-mail: xjli@henu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41971223);国家自然科学基金项目(41701197);黄河文明省部共建协同创新中心/黄河文明与可持续发展研究中心重大项目(2020M18);教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(17YJC790125)

The role of rural settlements in rural revitalization: Perspective of economic geography

LI Xiaojian1,2(), HU Xueyao1, SHI Yanwen2, YANG Huimin2   

  1. 1. College of Environment and Planning/Key Research Institute of Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, Henan, China
    2. Collaborative Innovation Center of Urban-Rural Coordinated Development/Academician Laboratory for Urban and Rural Spatial Data Mining, Henan University of Economics and Law, Zhengzhou 450046, China
  • Received:2020-06-22 Revised:2020-11-11 Online:2021-01-28 Published:2021-03-28
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41971223);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41701197);Key Project of Institute for Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development(2020M18);Youth Fund Project of Humanities and Social Sciences of the Ministry of Education(17YJC790125)

摘要:

论文首先从人地关系视角分析了乡村问题的背景及乡村振兴的内容逻辑,提出乡村衰退是人地关系调整滞后于社会经济发展进程的结果,乡村振兴最终目的就是调整人地关系以适应社会经济发展新阶段的生产要素价值变化。对乡村振兴地理研究的评述发现,多数关注其战略内容的实施,而对乡村人口重要载体的乡村聚落重视不够。事实上,乡村聚落与乡村振兴的关系密切,乡村聚落是乡村地区人类社会经济活动的集中场所,是乡村人地关系调整的核心和关键抓手,在乡村振兴中起关键作用。而已有的乡村聚落地理研究多聚焦空间变化,并且重实证轻机理,尤其是与乡村振兴相关联的聚落演变机理研究尚无成果问世。最后,基于乡村聚落在乡村振兴中关键作用,提出从人地关系协调出发,加强乡村聚落演变理论、乡村聚落空间结构变化趋势、乡村聚落专业化转型、乡村聚落整治优化及乡村聚落风貌景观等5个方面的研究。

关键词: 乡村聚落, 乡村振兴, 人地关系, 生产要素

Abstract:

This article started with an analysis of the background of rural decline, and the content and logic of the national strategy of rural revitalization from the perspective of human-land relationship. We proposed that rural recession is the result of the adjustment of human-land relationship lagging behind the process of social and economic development. The ultimate purpose of rural revitalization is to adjust the relationship between human and land to adapt to the change of the value of production factors in the new stage of social and economic development. Then, the review of the literature on rural revitalization found that the existing research has paid more attention to the implementation of its strategic content, but not enough attention to rural settlements that have been the important carrier of rural population. There is a close relationship between rural settlement and rural revitalization. Rural settlements are the focus of human social and economic activities in rural areas, and are the core and starting point of rural human-land relationship adjustment. But in the existing literature on rural settlements, emphasis is placed on development cases and neglecting mechanisms, especially the mechanism of change of rural settlements, which is closely associated with rural revitalization. Therefore, bearing in mind the key role of rural settlements in rural revitalization, this article finally put forward five focus areas of future research: the theory of rural settlement evolution, changing trend of spatial structure in rural settlements, specialization transformation of rural settlements, optimization of rural settlements, and landscape of rural settlements.

Key words: rural settlement, rural revitalization, human-land relationship, factors of production