地理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (12): 2129-2138.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2020.12.014

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

国外乡村舒适性研究综述与启示

薛岚()   

  1. 复旦大学旅游学系,上海 200433
  • 收稿日期:2020-01-06 修回日期:2020-07-03 出版日期:2020-12-28 发布日期:2021-02-28
  • 作者简介:薛岚(1986— ),女,河南洛阳人,青年副研究员,主要从事旅游地理和乡村地理研究。E-mail: lanxue@fudan.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    上海市社科规划课题项目(2020EGL016)

A review and prospect of international studies on rural amenity

XUE Lan()   

  1. Department of Tourism, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
  • Received:2020-01-06 Revised:2020-07-03 Online:2020-12-28 Published:2021-02-28
  • Supported by:
    Social Science Planning Project of Shanghai(2020EGL016)

摘要:

乡村舒适性(rural amenity)是国外乡村研究的一个重要概念,但在国内学术界一直缺少关注。论文通过对国外乡村舒适性研究的系统梳理,回顾和总结了国外乡村舒适性的概念内涵和4个研究热点:乡村舒适性评价体系构建及其效应,乡村舒适性、逆城市化与乡村重构,乡村舒适性与乡村发展,舒适性移民特征及其影响。通过对乡村舒适性概念的理论思考,进一步比较了“舒适性”和“舒适物”的中文翻译、乡村舒适性与乡村绅士化概念,以及乡村舒适性与城市舒适性的具体特征。最后,探讨了乡村舒适性概念对中国乡村振兴研究的启示。论文强调,随着乡村振兴的持续推进,乡村生态环境和基础设施的不断改善,对中国情境下的乡村舒适性展开全面深入研究具有重要的理论意义和实践价值。

关键词: 乡村舒适性, 研究综述, 乡村振兴

Abstract:

Rural amenity is a key concept in rural studies in western developed countries. However, it has drawn little attention from Chinese scholars, and very little work has been done to date in China's context. One plausible reason is that the longstanding urban-rural divide has left rural regions in China far behind the urban areas and thus lacks the quality to be considered amiable. However, with the recent development, especially under the current nationwide campaign on rural revitalization, rural areas in China has witnessed a rapid improvement of facilities and infrastructure, which has laid the foundation for examining rural amenity with Chinese characteristics. This study aimed to introduce the concept of rural amenity to the academia in China. Through a systematic literature review of existing studies on rural amenity published in international journals, the study aimed to stimulate discussions and debates on the concept from Chinese scholars. This article reviews and summarizes the definition, connotation, and characteristics of the concept adopted by international scholars. It then focuses on four major research areas on rural amenity: Rural amenity index and its impacts, rural amenity and counter-urbanization, rural amenity and rural development, and amenity migration. This article further discusses several issues related to the theoretical aspects of the concept, including comparison of urban amenity and rural amenity, comparison of rural amenity and rural gentrification, and translation of rural amenity/amenities into Chinese. Finally, this article concludes with four insights that can be drawn from understanding rural amenity in China: First, defining rural amenity in China based on traditional Chinese culture. Second, building rural attractiveness and competitiveness based on quality of place. Third, improving rural ecosystem and built environment based on the needs of a variety of dwellers. Fourth, exploring ways of co-development of rural amenity and rural industries with a focus on synergy. This article emphasizes that with continuous deepening of rural revitalization and improvement of rural ecological environment and infrastructure in China, it is of great theoretical and practical value to conduct comprehensive and in-depth research on rural amenity within the Chinese context.

Key words: rural amenity, literature review, rural vitalization