地理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (12): 1999-2012.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2020.12.004

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

城郊土地利用功能演变——以贵州省惠水县乡村旅游度假区好花红村为例

张涵(), 李阳兵*()   

  1. 贵州师范大学地理与环境科学学院,贵阳 550001
  • 收稿日期:2020-02-17 修回日期:2020-06-28 出版日期:2020-12-28 发布日期:2021-02-28
  • 通讯作者: 李阳兵
  • 作者简介:张涵(1996— ),女,贵州剑河人,硕士生,主要从事乡村土地利用研究。E-mail: 980127658@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41661020);贵州省科技计划项目(黔科合平台人才〔2017〕5726号)

Change of land-use functions in suburbs: A case study of Haohuahong Village in a rural tourist resort of Huishui County, Guizhou Province

ZHANG Han(), LI Yangbing*()   

  1. School of Geography and Environmental Science, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550001, China
  • Received:2020-02-17 Revised:2020-06-28 Online:2020-12-28 Published:2021-02-28
  • Contact: LI Yangbing
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41661020);Science and Technology Planning of Project of Guizhou Province,〔2017〕5726

摘要:

论文以贵州省惠水县乡村旅游度假区好花红村为典型案例,运用空间分析方法,利用高分辨率遥感影像和实地调查访问数据,分析了2006—2019年好花红村土地利用功能演变规律,探讨了土地利用功能转型助推乡村振兴的作用。结果表明:① 好花红村土地利用功能受土地利用转型的影响,由传统单一的农业生产功能、社会保障功能和生态保育功能转变为复合型观光休闲功能和经济发展功能,增加了经济效益的同时保证了生态效益,土地利用功能总体上呈现出多元化和复合化特征;② 研究区不同演变阶段的演变模式存在显著差异,经历了单一农业生产功能阶段、多元功能转型过渡阶段、多功能复合转型阶段,土地利用功能演变有以农为主、乡村旅游为辅,农旅结合、农业逐步退缩,以乡村旅游为主、整体转型3种模式;③ 自然条件是土地利用功能变化的基础动力,经营主体变化是土地利用功能转型的内在动力,区域发展政策是驱动土地利用功能多元化的根本动力,旅游市场“规模化”需求是驱动乡村功能和土地利用功能转化的重要推动力,这些因素相互作用,共同驱动土地利用功能演变。

关键词: 城郊, 村域, 土地利用功能, 好花红村

Abstract:

Taking Haohuahong Village, a rural tourist resort in Huishui County of Guizhou Province, as a typical case and using spatial analysis method and high-resolution remote sensing and field survey data, this study analyzed the pattern of change of land use functions of the village in the past 14 years, and probed into the role of land use function transformation in boosting rural revitalization. The results show that: 1) Land use functions of the village are affected by land use transition and was transformed from the traditional single function of agricultural production, social security, and ecological conservation into a compound leisure sightseeing and economic development function, increasing the economic benefit while ensuring the ecological benefits, and showing the characteristics of diversity and integration. 2) There are significant differences in the pattern of change in the different stages of development in the research area, including the stage of single agricultural production function, the stage of multiple function transformation transition, and the stage of multi-functional compound transformation. The change of land use functions includes three modes: mainly agriculture but supplemented by rural tourism, combining agriculture and tourism; gradually shrinking agriculture, and mainly rural tourism; and overall transformation. 3) Natural conditions are the basis of the land use functional change; changing operators is the inner impetus for the transformation of land use functions; regional development policy is the fundamental driving force; and the demand of expanding the scale of the tourism market is also an important driving factor of rural and land use functional change. These factors interact with each other, and together drive the change of land use functions.

Key words: suburb, village space, land use functions, Haohuahong Village