地理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (11): 1802-1813.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.11.015

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

能动性视角下中国新工人空间生产的研究框架与展望

金利霞1, 黄耿志1,2,*(), 范建红3, 杜志威1, 文志敏1,3   

  1. 1. 广州地理研究所,广东省遥感与地理信息系统应用实验室,广东省地理空间信息技术与应用公共实验室,广东省创新发展研究院,广州 510070
    2. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275
    3. 广东工业大学 建筑与城市规划学院,广东 广州 510090
  • 收稿日期:2018-12-15 修回日期:2019-02-01 出版日期:2019-11-28 发布日期:2019-11-28
  • 通讯作者: 黄耿志 E-mail:hgzhi@foxmail.com
  • 作者简介:金利霞(1976— ),女,湖北咸宁人,研究员,主要从事区域发展与劳动力地理研究。E-mail: jlx906@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571128);国家自然科学基金项目(41771137);广东省自然科学基金项目(2019A1515011120);广东省科技计划项目(2015A020216012);广东省科学院实施创新驱动发展能力建设专项(2016GDASRC-0101)

Neo-Marxism approach and prospect for Chinese new workers’ production of space from the perspective of agency

JIN Lixia1, HUANG Gengzhi1,2,*(), FAN Jianhong3, DU Zhiwei1, WEN Zhimin1,3   

  1. 1. Guangzhou Institute of Geography, Key Lab of Guangdong for Utilization of Remote Sensing and Geographical Information System, Guangdong Open Laboratory of Geospatial Information Technology and Application, Guangdong Academy of Innovation Development, Guangzhou 510070, China
    2. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    3. School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510090, China
  • Received:2018-12-15 Revised:2019-02-01 Online:2019-11-28 Published:2019-11-28
  • Contact: HUANG Gengzhi E-mail:hgzhi@foxmail.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No(41571128);National Natural Science Foundation of China, No(41771137);Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province, No(2019A1515011120);Science and Technology Planning Project of Guangdong Province, China, No(2015A020216012);GDAS' Project of Science and Technology Development, No(2016GDASRC-0101)

摘要:

新马克思主义空间政治理论对劳动力地理的研究经历了从阶级斗争地理到劳工地理的转变。阶级斗争地理强调资本主导的空间生产发源于资本主义阶级斗争,劳工地理研究则将劳动力视为与资本一样具有“时空修复”能力的行为主体,工人能动性开始受到广泛关注。中国正在崛起的新兴产业工人——农民工群体,随着社会进步和代际变迁,其在权益焦点、表达方式及实践效能等方面都在不断发生变化,并不断以其特有的“时空修复”改变既有的劳动关系和塑造自身的经济地理景观。论文将研究视角接续到新马克思主义空间生产理论中,尝试构建能动性视角下的中国新工人空间生产研究框架。能动性视角是一种批判性视角,在日常空间实践过程中,抗争的生产与再生产政治、融入的生活政治和创造的身份政治构成新工人空间生产的能动机制,并在全球化、在地等外部机制推动下,三元机制互动形成新工人感知空间、构想空间、生活空间等3类空间生产的基本过程,以及这一过程中社会关系格局和地方劳动力市场管制体制的重构。最后,论文展望了未来的研究方向:新工人空间生产的机制及其经济地理重构的关系研究、新工人能动性的区域差异研究、新工人能动性与地方劳动力市场管制体制的互动研究、乡村回流劳动力的能动性研究。

关键词: 新马克思主义, 空间生产, 新工人, 能动性, 中国

Abstract:

Over the past four decades since China introduced the reform and opening-up policy, a rare large-scale population movement in human history has occurred. More than 200 million migrant workers left their hometowns to work in big cities, which has profoundly affected the politics, economy, society, and culture of contemporary China. With the transformation of economy, society, and population structure under the new normal conditions, China's labor geography is facing dramatic restructuring. The emerging industrial workers are constantly changing in the focus of rights and interests, the way of expression, and the effectiveness of practice, and quietly changing the existing labor relations with their unique spatial fix, then shaping their own economic geographical landscape. The study on geography of labor by neo-Marxist spatial political theory has undergone a transformation from class struggle geography to labor geography. Class struggle geography emphasizes that capital-dominated production of space originates from capitalist class struggle. In the late 1990s, Herod's theory of labor geography regards labor as the behavioral agent with the ability of "spatial fix" like capital. The perspective of agency has become an important trend in the study of labor geography in recent years. With the help of the production of space theory, this article attempts to construct a new research paradigm of labor geography based on the perspective of agency. The perspective of agency is critical, that is, workers' spatial practice has the ability to break through various structural constraints. First, in the process of daily spatial practice, the production and reproduction politics of struggle, livelihood politics of integration, and identity politics of creation constitute the dynamic mechanism of new workers' production of space. Second, a research path from new workers' production of space process to production of relation and labor regulation is put forward structurally. Around the core of agency, and driven by the external mechanisms of globalization and local processes, the three-dimensional mechanisms interact to form the basic process of three kinds of production of space of new workers. In this process, with the remodeling of material, social, and spiritual space, the new patterns of societal power relations are constantly derived, which will provide a new prospect for the realization of human-oriented labor market regulation mechanism and the construction of a harmonious society. Finally, this article suggests several future directions of research: the mechanism of new workers' production of space and its relationship with economic geographical reconstruction; regional differences of new workers' agency; the interaction between new workers' agency and local labor market regulation system; and agency of rural returned labor force.

Key words: neo-marxism, production of space, new workers, agency, China