地理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (11): 1665-1674.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.11.002

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

高速铁路对中心城市航空客运市场的空间影响——基于人均时间价值视角

王绍博1, 郭建科2,*(), 罗小龙1, 顾宗倪1   

  1. 1. 南京大学建筑与城市规划学院,南京 210093
    2. 辽宁师范大学海洋经济与可持续发展研究中心,辽宁 大连 116029
  • 收稿日期:2018-12-11 修回日期:2019-05-13 出版日期:2019-11-28 发布日期:2019-11-28
  • 通讯作者: 郭建科 E-mail:gjianke@126.com
  • 作者简介:王绍博(1990— ),男,山东东营人,博士生,主要从事交通可达性、交通经济学、城乡规划方面研究。E-mail: 18840817152@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41871112);国家自然科学基金项目(41471133);城市群系统演化与可持续发展的决策模拟研究北京市重点实验室2019年度开放基金(MCR2019QN16)

Spatial differentiation of the impact of high-speed rail on aviation passenger market in central cities of China

WANG Shaobo1, GUO Jianke2,*(), LUO Xiaolong1, GU Zongni1   

  1. 1. School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
    2. Center for Studies of Marine Economy and Sustainable Development, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
  • Received:2018-12-11 Revised:2019-05-13 Online:2019-11-28 Published:2019-11-28
  • Contact: GUO Jianke E-mail:gjianke@126.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China No(41871112);National Natural Science Foundation of China No(41471133);the Beijing Key Laboratory of Megaregions Sustainable Development Modelling, Capital University of Economics and Business, No(MCR2019QN16)

摘要:

揭示高铁对中国航空客运市场影响的空间分异特征,对于针对性协调2种交通方式的发展具有重要参考价值。运用标准差椭圆和交通综合效用分析方法,对中国中心城市高铁、航空客运市场实际发展现状及空间竞合分异特征进行分析。结果发现:① 高铁、航空客运市场均形成以武汉为重心点的空间发展格局;与高铁客运市场相比,航空客运市场区域发展更加均衡;与东西部中心城市相比,中部中心城市旅客出行选乘高铁的概率更高。② 人均时间价值与高铁优势距呈反比,优势距的不同使各中心城市高铁、航空客运市场范围存在明显的空间分异特征;基于交通出行综合效用视角,中国大多数中心城市间的交往,航空出行依旧是最好的选择。③ 高铁对航空客运市场的影响存在明显的空间分异特征。中部大部分中心城市受影响最大,是协调高铁、航空发展的关键区域;西部地区受交通区位条件及高铁发展滞后的影响,中心城市间交往时飞机仍是旅客主要的出行方式,在航空主导优势区依旧存在一定的市场空白。

关键词: 高速铁路, 航空, 人均时间价值, 竞合, 空间分异

Abstract:

The spatial differentiation characteristics of the impact of high-speed rail on China's air passenger market is of important reference value for the coordinated development of the two modes of transportation. Using the standard deviation ellipse and traffic comprehensive utility analysis methods, this study analyzed the development status and spatial competition of the high-speed rail and air passenger transport market. The results show that: 1) The high-speed rail and aviation passenger markets have all formed a spatial pattern with Wuhan as the center. Compared with the high-speed rail, the development of the air passenger market area is more balanced; compared with the central cities of the eastern and western regions, the probability of passengers traveling with high-speed rail in the central cities of central China is higher. 2) The per capita time value is inversely proportional to the superiority distance of high-speed rail. The difference in superiority distance makes the high-speed rail and aviation passenger markets in central cities clearly different spatially. Based on the comprehensive utility perspective of traffic, for travels between most central cities in China, air travel is still the best choice. 3) The impact of high-speed rail on the air passenger transport market shows clear spatial differentiation. Most of the central cities in central China are the most affected, which is a key area for coordinating the development of high-speed railways and aviation. In the western region, due to the location conditions of transportation and the lagging development of high-speed rail, air transportation is dominant, and there is still a market gap in the aviation-dominated areas.

Key words: high-speed rail, aviation, per capita time value, competition and cooperation, spatial differentiation