地理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (10): 1535-1544.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.10.009

• 专辑| 实证研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

企业异质性、技术关联度与中国对外直接投资决策

高菠阳1,郭凌煜1,黄志基2,*(),冯锐3   

  1. 1. 中央财经大学管理科学与工程学院城市与房地产管理系,北京 100081
    2. 中央财经大学政府管理学院,北京 100081
    3. 广州大学经济与统计学院,广州 510006
  • 收稿日期:2019-06-06 修回日期:2019-09-10 出版日期:2019-10-28 发布日期:2019-11-01
  • 通讯作者: 黄志基 E-mail:skyhuangzj@126.com
  • 作者简介:高菠阳(1984— ),女,吉林长春人,副教授,主要从事产业经济与区域发展研究。E-mail: cufegaoboyang@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(No. XDA20010102);国家自然科学基金项目(No. 41530751);国家自然科学基金项目(No. 41871115);中国科学院重点部署项目(No. KFZD-SW-321)

Firm heterogeneity, technological relatedness and location choice of outward foreign direct investment

GAO Boyang1,GUO Lingyu1,HUANG Zhiji2,*(),FENG Rui3   

  1. 1. Department of Urban and Real Estate Management, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081, China
    2. School of Government, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081, China
    3. School of Economics and Statistics, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
  • Received:2019-06-06 Revised:2019-09-10 Online:2019-10-28 Published:2019-11-01
  • Contact: HUANG Zhiji E-mail:skyhuangzj@126.com
  • Supported by:
    Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences(No. XDA20010102);National Natural Science Foundation of China(No. 41530751);National Natural Science Foundation of China(No. 41871115);Key Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(No. KFZD-SW-321)

摘要:

“一带一路”倡议的深入推进标志着中国逐渐从“引进来”到“走出去”,通过更加多元化的方式参与全球化新时代的到来。论文利用Oriana亚太企业数据库和中国对外直接投资企业名录的微观企业数据,在刻画中国企业对外投资时空特征及演化过程的基础上,从企业异质性和技术关联效应等多角度考察对中国企业对外投资决策的影响因素。结果表明:全要素生产率对企业对外投资决策具有明显的正效应,国有企业相对于非国有企业更倾向于对外投资,东部企业较西部企业更倾向于对外投资。技术关联度能够显著提高企业对外投资水平。研究从更丰富全面的视角理解企业对外投资行为决策,为科学合理地指导企业在“一带一路”背景下走出去提供科学支撑。

关键词: 对外直接投资, 企业异质性, 技术关联度, 中国

Abstract:

Advancement in the implementation of the Belt and Road initiative marks China's gradual transition from "bringing in" to "going out" and participation in a new era of globalization through a more diversified approach. Based on the Oriana Asia-Pacific Enterprise Database and the micro-enterprise data of China's foreign direct investment enterprise directory, this study examined the spatiotemporal characteristics and evolution of Chinese enterprises' foreign investment, and then identified the influencing factors of foreign investment decisions from the perspectives of enterprise heterogeneity and technological correlation effects. The results show that total factor productivity has clear positive effects on enterprises' foreign investment decisions. State-owned enterprises are more inclined to invest abroad than non-state-owned enterprises. Enterprises in eastern China are more inclined to invest abroad than western enterprises. Technological relatedness can significantly increase the level of foreign investment. This study attempted to understand the decision making of corporate foreign investment from a richer and more comprehensive perspective, which may provide some scientific support for guiding enterprises to go out in the context of the Belt and Road initiative.

Key words: outward foreign direct investment (OFDI), heterogeneity, relatedness, China