地理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (10): 1449-1461.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.10.001

• 专辑| 理论探讨 • 上一篇    下一篇

区域发展的“全球-地方”互动机制研究

毛熙彦1,贺灿飞2,3,*()   

  1. 1. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,南京 210023
    2. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
    3. 北京大学-林肯研究院城市发展与土地政策研究中心,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-27 修回日期:2019-09-20 出版日期:2019-10-28 发布日期:2019-11-01
  • 通讯作者: 贺灿飞 E-mail:hecanfei@urban.pku.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:毛熙彦(1987— ),男,福建厦门人,助理研究员,主要从事全球化与区域发展、环境经济地理等研究。E-mail:mxiyan@gmail.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(No. 41731278);国家自然科学基金项目(No. 41801104)

A review of global-local interactions for regional development

MAO Xiyan1,HE Canfei2,3,*()   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Ocean Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
    2. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    3. Peking Univeristy-Lincoln Institute Center for Urban Development and Land Policy, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2019-05-27 Revised:2019-09-20 Online:2019-10-28 Published:2019-11-01
  • Contact: HE Canfei E-mail:hecanfei@urban.pku.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(No. 41731278);National Natural Science Foundation of China(No. 41801104)

摘要:

建立对外联系、利用外部资源有助于弥补区域发展新经济活动所面临的资源与技术缺口,为区域发展注入新活力,避免陷入路径锁定导致发展停滞甚至衰退。对外联系的建立势必与本地已有联系相互作用,表现为“全球-地方”之间多类型行为主体在特定空间支持与约束下的互动,涉及4个基本问题:发生条件、区域差异、互动内容与行为主体。梳理现有研究发现:① 本地与非本地要素的相似性或互补性决定了互动发生的可能性,本地能力则进一步决定互动发生的程度;② 互动对于优势地区和后进地区2类极端类型地区更为有效;③ 互动内容以知识、贸易、资本等要素为主,日益强调非本地劳动力和非本地制度的影响;④ 互动主体以企业为中心。近年来研究一方面强调企业家等个体作用,另一方面关注非经济主体的作用。整体而言,既有研究在区域发展中“全球-地方”互动的尺度结构、动态变化和行为主体等方面仍面临挑战。结合中国当前区域经济转型与主动全球化并行的发展现状,论文提出理解中国区域发展“全球-地方”互动的关键问题与潜在方向。

关键词: 区域发展, 经济转型, 全球化, 全球网络, 地方性

Abstract:

Extra-regional linkages can benefit regional development by introducing supplement resources and technologies. They also enrich the local knowledge base, keeping regions away from depression due to lock-in effects. Global-local interaction (GLI) research represents the academic effort to theorize this process by examining the interplay between a wide array of actors at multi-scales within particular territorial confines. It raises four critical questions regarding the conditions, regional differences, channels, and actors for interaction. The literature has documented that the relatedness between local and nonlocal inputs determines the probability of GLI. Local capabilities determine the extent of GLI. The literature also reveals that the leading and most lagging behind regions tend to benefit from GLI. Knowledge diffusion, foreign investment, and international trade are primary elements that support GLI. As one region continues to develop, the immigrants and nonlocal institutions may enrich the GLI. Conventionally, the literature on GLI is firm-centric. Recent advances highlight the role of individuals, such as entrepreneurs and employees. There is also increasing awareness of the non-economic agency, especially the institutional agency. Overall, an in-depth examination is still required for understanding the scales, dynamics, and agencies of GLI for regional development. Grounded in the context of China's regional restructuring and opening-up, this study proposes a framework to model GLI in China and discusses its potential for future studies.

Key words: regional development, economic restructuring, globalization, global network, locality