地理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (9): 1424-1434.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.09.015

• 乡村振兴路径与模式 • 上一篇    下一篇

农村土地制度改革与乡村振兴

陈坤秋1,2,3,龙花楼1,2,3,*(),马历1,2,3,张英男1,2,3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
    3. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-24 修回日期:2019-05-27 出版日期:2019-09-28 发布日期:2019-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 龙花楼 E-mail:longhl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:陈坤秋(1992— ),男,江西万年人,博士生,主要从事土地经济与城乡发展研究。E-mail: chenkq.18b@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(No.41731286);国家自然科学基金项目(No.41971216);国家自然科学基金项目(No.41901207);中国科学院科技扶贫项目(No.fp-2018-4)

China’s rural land reform and rural vitalization

CHEN Kunqiu1,2,3,LONG Hualou1,2,3,*(),MA Li1,2,3,ZHANG Yingnan1,2,3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2019-04-24 Revised:2019-05-27 Online:2019-09-28 Published:2019-09-25
  • Contact: LONG Hualou E-mail:longhl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.41731286);National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.41971216);National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.41901207);Project of Poverty Alleviation Supported by Science and Technology, CAS(No.fp-2018-4)

摘要:

乡村发展现实困境与乡村振兴战略目标之间存在巨大鸿沟。论文总结了1949年以来农村土地制度改革与乡村发展的演进态势与时代特征,基于农村土地制度改革的功能体系,剖析了二者的互动机制,探讨了农村土地制度改革助推乡村振兴的发展路径与典型模式,并进行了研究展望。结论如下:① 农村土地制度改革是破解当前乡村发展困境、推进乡村振兴的突破口,本质是新时期为适应城乡生产力发展的生产关系再调整,二者均具迫切性、交融性与攻坚性的时代特征。1949年以来农村土地制度与乡村发展总体耦合联动、互促互馈。② 新时期,农村土地制度改革具有多功能价值,通过补短板促进乡村重构与乡村多功能发展,发挥制度联动、城乡融合与经济转型的乘数效应,助推乡村振兴,并带动城乡地域系统功能优化。③ 农村土地制度改革沿整合要素、重组结构、优化功能的路径,因地制宜、分类推进乡村地域功能演变与乡村振兴。④ 未来需发挥农村土地制度改革的制度联动作用,同时重视改革的政策性摩擦,深化乡村振兴对农村土地制度改革的正反馈,并权衡农村土地制度改革举措与乡村发展的适应性问题。

关键词: 乡村振兴, 乡村重构, 农村土地制度改革, 制度变迁, 要素-结构-功能

Abstract:

There is a huge gulf between the dilemmas of rural development and the strategic goals of rural vitalization in China. This study examined the trend and characteristics of land reform and rural development in China since 1949, and then explored the interactive mechanisms based on the functional system of rural land reform. Alternative pathways and typical models of rural vitalization promoted by rural land reform were also discussed. The main conclusions are as follows: 1) Rural land reform is the breakthrough point to address the current dilemmas of rural development and promote rural vitalization. In essence, it is the readjustment of production relations in the new era to adapt to the development of urban-rural productive forces, both of which are urgent, integrative, and challenging. Since 1949, changes in rural land institution and rural development have been generally coupled and linked. 2) In the new era, rural land reform has multifunctional values. It promotes rural reconstruction and rural multifunctional development by reinforcing weak links and gives play to the multiplier effect of institutional linkages, urban-rural integration, and economy transformation, to promote rural vitalization and drive the optimization of urban-rural territorial system functions. 3) Along the path of integrating elements, restructuring structures, and optimizing functions, rural land reform promotes the change of regional functions and rural vitalization according to local conditions. 4) In the future, it is necessary to give full play to the stimulating effect of rural land reform, pay attention to potential policy frictions, deepen the positive feedback of rural vitalization on rural land reform, and carefully consider the coordination of rural land reform measures and rural development.

Key words: rural vitalization, rural restructuring, rural land reform, institutional change, element-structure-function