地理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (9): 1382-1392.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.09.011

• 乡村振兴规划与重构 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于乡村多功能评价的城市边缘区“三生”空间划分研究

马晓冬1,李鑫1,*(),胡睿1,KHUONG ManhHa2   

  1. 1. 江苏师范大学地理测绘与城乡规划学院,江苏 徐州 221116
    2. 北江农林大学土地与资源环境学院,越南 北江 0084240
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-29 修回日期:2019-07-14 出版日期:2019-09-28 发布日期:2019-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 李鑫 E-mail:topzcg@126.com
  • 作者简介:马晓冬(1971— ),男,江苏徐州人,教授,主要研究方向为乡村地理。E-mail:xiaodgma@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(No.41971221);教育部人文社科项目(No.19YJCZH089);江苏高校社科基地项目(No.2017ZSJD013)

Delineation of “production-living-ecological” space for urban fringe based on rural multifunction evaluation

MA Xiaodong1,LI Xin1,*(),HU Rui1,KHUONG Manh Ha2   

  1. 1. School of Geography, Geomatics & Planning, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, Jiangsu, China;
    2. School of Land, Resources & Environment, Bacgiang Agriculture and Forestry University, Bacgiang 0084240, Vietnam;
  • Received:2019-04-29 Revised:2019-07-14 Online:2019-09-28 Published:2019-09-25
  • Contact: LI Xin E-mail:topzcg@126.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.41971221);MOE Project of Humanities and Social Sciences(No.19YJCZH089);Social Science Foundation Project Outside of Jiangsu Provincial Universities(No.2017ZSJD013)

摘要:

城市边缘区乡村多元价值凸显,迫切需以乡村多功能理论为指导划分“三生”空间,以空间重构促进转型发展。论文首先从生产、生活与生态功能方面评价城市边缘区多功能时空变化;其次进行图斑尺度“三生”空间适宜性评价,两者共同得到基于乡村多功能的“三生”空间适宜性;最后据此设计算法划分“三生”空间。研究发现:① 城市边缘区乡村休闲娱乐、观光农业等功能显现,需要重构多功能空间促进转型发展;② 江苏徐州市铜山区乡村非农生产与生活功能主要分布在与中心城区较近地区,农业空间主要分布在中心城区远郊外围,生态功能则表现出高度空间异质性,农业、非农生产与生活功能在提升,而生态功能则普遍下降;③ 县域“三生”空间划定需多尺度联合,既要考虑乡镇尺度多功能差异,还要体现图斑尺度适宜性,才能为空间规划提供有意义的借鉴。论文提出的基于乡村多功能评价的“三生”空间划分可为即将开展的国土空间规划提供科学依据。

关键词: 乡村多功能, 城市边缘区, "三生"空间, 江苏徐州铜山区

Abstract:

Rural multifunctional values?in urban fringes are prominent at the current stage of urbanization in China. Therefore, it is urgent to delineate "production-living-ecological" space using the rural multifunction theory in order to carry out spatial reconstruction. This study developed a comprehensive method for delineating the "production-living-ecological" space in urban fringe based on rural multifunction evaluation, taking Tongshan District of Xuzhou City for empirical research. First, the spatial and temporal changes of rural multifunctions were evaluated from the aspects of production, living, and ecological functions. Second, suitability evaluation for "production-living-ecological" space was carried out at the grid scale, and then, the rural multifunctional "production-living-ecological" space suitability evaluation result was attained. Finally, the "production-living-ecological" space was delineated. The study revealed that: 1) With the overwhelming development of rural recreation and sightseeing agriculture in urban fringe, the application of rural multifunction theory to the reconstruction of multifunctional space can promote development transition. 2) Non-agricultural production function and living function are mainly distributed in the suburbs surrounding the main urban area, while agricultural production function is mainly distributed in the outer suburbs, and ecological function shows clear spatial heterogeneity. Agricultural, non-agricultural production, and living functions are improving, while ecological function is declining. 3) "Production-living-ecological" space delineation at county level needs multiscale combination, not only considering the multifunctional differences at the township scale, but also accounting for suitability at the vector or grid level. The proposed method of delineating "production-living-ecological" space based on rural multifunctional evaluation can provide a scientific basis for spatial planning.

Key words: rural multifunction, urban fringe, "production-living-ecological" space, Tongshan District of Xuzhou in Jiangsu Province