地理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (9): 1370-1381.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.09.010

• 乡村振兴规划与重构 • 上一篇    下一篇

武汉市新城区乡村发展水平评价及规模等级结构研究

罗静1,2,蒋亮1,2,罗名海3,田玲玲1,2,陈国磊1,2,田野1,2,吴益坤1,2   

  1. 1. 华中师范大学地理过程分析与模拟湖北省重点实验室,武汉 430079
    2. 湖北省发展和改革委员会/华中师范大学武汉城市圈研究院,武汉 430079
    3. 武汉市测绘研究院,武汉 430022
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-30 修回日期:2019-07-22 出版日期:2019-09-28 发布日期:2019-09-25
  • 作者简介:罗静(1966— ),男,湖北松滋人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事区域发展与城乡规划研究。E-mail:luojing@mail.ccnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(No.41871176);国家自然科学基金项目(No.41801177);华中师范大学中央高校基本科研业务费项目(No.CCNU18ZDPY09);武汉市2018年地理国情监测项目(No.WHJT-CZH-2018-1C066)

Rural development level of villages in Wuhan City’s new urban districts and its hierarchical structure

LUO Jing1,2,JIANG Liang1,2,LUO Minghai3,TIAN Lingling1,2,CHEN Guolei1,2,TIAN Ye1,2,WU Yikun1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory for Geographical Process Analysis & Simulation Hubei Province, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China;
    2. Academy of Wuhan Metropolitan Area, Hubei Development and Reform Commission and Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
    3. Wuhan Geomatics Institute, Wuhan 430022, China
  • Received:2019-04-30 Revised:2019-07-22 Online:2019-09-28 Published:2019-09-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.41871176);National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.41801177);Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of Central China Normal University(No.CCNU18ZDPY09);The Geographical Situation Monitoring Project of Wuhan in 2018 (the Second Batch)(No.WHJT-CZH-2018-1C066)

摘要:

论文以行政村为研究单元,从乡村聚落、土地、人口、经济和人居环境5个维度出发,构建乡村发展水平的评价指标体系,运用空间自相关、热点分析和位序-规模法则等分析和评价乡村发展水平的空间格局及规模等级结构。结果显示:① 武汉市新城区乡村发展水平空间分异明显,存在显著的空间集聚特征。乡村发展水平高的行政村集中分布在黄陂区南部与东西湖区东部的交界处、汉南区东部和江夏区北部,发展水平一般及以下的行政村广泛分布。② 新城区乡村发展规模符合位序-规模法则,且高位次行政村发育不足,中低位序行政村广泛发育,乡村规模较为分散,城镇化水平有待提高。③ 新城区乡村聚落等级体系呈现出金字塔结构,并与按市场原则(K=3)分布的中心地理论模型相接近,中心地等级较低。最后基于研究结果提出乡村发展的政策建议。

关键词: 乡村发展水平, 空间格局, 位序-规模法则, 等级结构, 武汉市新城区

Abstract:

Taking administrative village as the research unit and starting from the five dimensions of rural settlement, land use, population, economy, and human settlement environment, this study firstly constructed an evaluation index system of rural development level. Then using spatial autocorrelation, hotspot analysis, and rank-size rule, we analyzed and evaluated the spatial pattern and scale hierarchy of rural development levels. The results are as follows: 1) The spatial differentiation of rural development level in Wuhan City's new urban districts is obvious, and rural development shows a significant spatial agglomeration characteristic at the administrative village level. The administrative villages with high level of rural development are concentrated in the junction of the southern part of Huanghua District and the eastern part of Dongxihu District, the eastern part of Hannan District, and the northern part of Jiangxia District. The administrative villages with average development level and below are widely distributed. 2) The scale of rural development in the new urban districts is in line with the rank-size rule. The development of high-level administrative villages are insufficient but the medium-low order administrative villages are widely developed, the rural scale spreads over a wide range, and the level of urbanization needs to be improved. 3) The hierarchical system of rural settlements in the new urban districts presents a pyramid structure, which is similar to the central place theory model based on market principle (K=3), and the level of the center is lower. Finally, according to the results of the study, policy recommendations for rural development were put forward.

Key words: rural development level, spatial pattern, rank-size rule, hierarchical structure, Wuhan City's new urban districts