地理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (9): 1361-1369.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.09.009

• 乡村振兴规划与重构 • 上一篇    下一篇

乡村振兴规划的性质及其体系构建探讨

王介勇1,周墨竹1,2,王祥峰3,4,*()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
    3. 山东省农业可持续发展研究所,济南 250100
    4. 农业农村部华东都市农业重点实验室,济南 250100
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-05 修回日期:2019-08-19 出版日期:2019-09-28 发布日期:2019-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 王祥峰 E-mail:wangxiangfeng@shandong.cn
  • 作者简介:王介勇(1978— ),男,山东滕州人,副研究员,主要从事乡村地理与农村土地可持续利用研究。E-mail:wjy@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    农业农村部华东都市农业重点实验室开放课题(No.HD201801);国家自然科学基金项目(No.41671178)

Features and framework of rural revitalization planning system

WANG Jieyong1,ZHOU Mozhu1,2,WANG Xiangfeng3,4,*()   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. Shandong Institute of Agricultural Sustainable Development, Jinan 250100, China
    4. Key Laboratory of Urban Agriculture in East China, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Jinan 250100, China
  • Received:2019-05-05 Revised:2019-08-19 Online:2019-09-28 Published:2019-09-25
  • Contact: WANG Xiangfeng E-mail:wangxiangfeng@shandong.cn
  • Supported by:
    Open fund of Key Laboratory of Urban Agriculture in East China, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs(No.HD201801);National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.41671178)

摘要:

实施乡村振兴战略是解决中国新时代社会主要矛盾的必然要求,关系着国家现代化的成败。落实乡村振兴战略需要建立科学合理的乡村振兴规划体系,统筹协调和优化配置城乡要素资源。论文基于地理学综合视角,深入分析乡村概念内涵与乡村发展的基本特征,总结乡村振兴规划的基本性质与存在的主要问题,初步构建了乡村振兴规划体系框架。结果表明:① 乡村包含社会文化、政治经济和地理空间多重属性,具有生产、生活、生态、文化等多功能,乡村振兴发展是乡村资源开发利用、经济社会发展和自然人文耦合的综合过程;② 乡村系统具有要素分散性和发展自组织性、空间异质性和类型多样性、对区域和城市依赖性与产业发展受自然因素强限制的基本特征;③ 乡村振兴规划是对乡村空间要素资源配置的统筹协调过程,其本质是以促进公平为导向的规划,应更加强调规划参与过程及其统筹协调能力;④ 当前中国乡村规划尚未形成完整体系,缺少法律基础,规划技术理论发展较滞后,规划边界模糊、规划深度不够,规划实施保障机制不健全;⑤ 基于上述理论和问题分析,构建了包含主体规划系统、制度保障系统、技术支持系统、多规协调系统和参与反馈系统的“五位一体”乡村振兴规划体系。该体系可以高效配置乡村要素资源,促进城乡融合发展,有利于形成规划合力,增强乡村振兴规划的权威性、可行性和实用性。

关键词: 乡村系统, 乡村振兴, 规划性质, 规划体系

Abstract:

Implementing the strategy of rural revitalization is an inevitable requirement for solving the main social conflicts in China in the new era, which is related to the success of the country's modernization. Rural revitalization is a comprehensive process of natural and human systems. To implement the strategy of rural revitalization, it is necessary to establish a scientific and sound planning system of rural revitalization in order to coordinate and optimize the allocation of urban and rural factor resources. Based on the system perspective of geography, this study analyzed the connotation of the "rural" concept and the basic characteristics of rural development. It summarized the basic features and main problems and then preliminarily constructed a framework of rural revitalization planning system. The results show that there are multiple attributes of rural system, which contains social and cultural, political and economic, and geographical space. It also has many functions such as production, living, ecological, and cultural. Rural revitalization is a comprehensive process combining rural resources utilization, economic and social development, and coupling of natural and human systems. Rural system is characterized by decentralization of factors and self-organization of development, spatial heterogeneity and diversity of types, dependence on regions and cities, and strong restriction of industrial development by natural factors. Rural revitalization planning is an integrated and coordinated process of allocation of rural spatial factor resources. Its essence is to promote equity-oriented planning and more emphasis should be placed on the participation process of planning. There are some main problems of rural planning. At present, China's rural planning has not yet formed a complete system. Rural planning lacks legal support and the development of rural planning technology and theory lags behind. The boundary and depth of rural revitalization planning have not been clearly understood. The guarantee mechanism for the implementation of plans needs improvement. Based on the above analysis, a "five-in-one" rural revitalization planning system is proposed, including the main planning system, institutional guarantee system, technical support system, multi-planning coordination system, and participation feedback system. This system can coordinate the allocation of rural factor resources more effectively, integrate into regional and urban development, form planning synergy, and activate development vitality. It will also be helpful for enhancing the authority, feasibility, and practicability of rural revitalization planning.

Key words: rural system, rural revitalization, features of planning, planning system