地理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (9): 1282-1893.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.09.002

• 乡村振兴主体与发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

贫困山区农户人力资本对生计策略的影响研究——以四川省凉山彝族自治州为例

何仁伟1,2,方方3,*(),刘运伟2   

  1. 1. 北京市社会科学院市情调查研究中心,北京 100101
    2. 西昌学院资源与环境学院,四川 西昌 615013
    3. 北京市社会科学院经济研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-25 修回日期:2019-06-27 出版日期:2019-09-28 发布日期:2019-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 方方 E-mail:fanglank@163.com
  • 作者简介:何仁伟(1978— ),男,重庆垫江人,博士,副研究员,研究方向为农村贫困与乡村治理。E-mail:herenweiyan@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(No.41461040);国家自然科学基金项目(No.41601176);教育部人文社科基金项目(No.13YJCZH050);教育部人文社科基金项目(No.14YJC790063);教育部人文社科基金项目(No.15YJCZH101)

Influence of human capital on the livelihood strategy of farming households in poor mountainous areas: A case study of Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture of Sichuan, China

HE Renwei1,2,FANG Fang3,*(),LIU Yunwei2   

  1. 1. City Situation Survey Research Center, Beijing Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. School of Resources and Environment, Xichang College, Xichang 615013, Sichuan, China
    3. Institute of Economics, Beijing Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2019-04-25 Revised:2019-06-27 Online:2019-09-28 Published:2019-09-25
  • Contact: FANG Fang E-mail:fanglank@163.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Sciences Foundation of China(No.41461040);National Natural Sciences Foundation of China(No.41601176);Project of Humanities and Social Sciences of the Ministry of Education(No.13YJCZH050);Project of Humanities and Social Sciences of the Ministry of Education(No.14YJC790063);Project of Humanities and Social Sciences of the Ministry of Education(No.15YJCZH101)

摘要:

人力资本是构建农户生计的关键要素,从人力资本视角探讨农户生计选择对于推动农户生计转型、实现乡村振兴具有重要意义。论文以西南贫困山区四川省凉山彝族自治州为案例区,采用2018年508个农户样本数据,应用回归模型,估算了人力资本对农户生计策略的影响。结果表明:人力资本是山区农户生计选择的重要影响因素,不同类型人力资本对农户生计策略的影响不同,且具有明显的空间差异。教育文化、健康状况对非农生计策略的选择具有正向影响,且高山区>二半山区>河谷区,健康状况对河谷区农户生计选择影响不显著;非农技能培训对非农生计策略选择具有显著的正向影响,且高山区>二半山区>河谷区;农业技能培训对非农生计策略选择具有负向影响,且高山区<二半山区<河谷区,但其对高山区农户生计选择并不显著;青壮年劳动力倾向于选择非农生计,务农人口老龄化问题严峻,高山区表现最为突出,二半山区次之,河谷区较不明显。最后,根据研究结论,探讨了人力资本、劳动力转移与乡村发展之间辩证关系及相关政策建议。

关键词: 农户, 人力资本, 生计策略, 村庄类型, 乡村振兴, 贫困山区

Abstract:

Human capital is the key factor for building farmers' livelihoods and examining farming households' livelihood strategy is important for promoting livelihood transformation and rural revitalization. Taking Liangshan Prefecture of Sichuan Province in the mountainous area of southwest China as the case study area, this study measured the impact of human capital on farming households' livelihood strategy by using the survey data from 508 farmers in 2018 and applying regression models. The results show: human capital is an important factor of farmers' livelihood choices in mountainous areas, and different types of human capital have different impacts on farmers' livelihood strategy, with clear spatial differences. Education level and health condition have positive effects on off-farm livelihood strategy, with most significant impacts in the high mountain villages, followed by the semi-mountain villages, and health condition has no significant effect on farmers' livelihood choices in the river valley villages. Off-farm skill training has a significant positive impact on off-farm livelihood strategy choices, with most significant impact in the high mountain villages, followed by the semi-mountain and river valley villages; agricultural skill training has a negative impact on off-farm livelihood strategy choices, with most significant impact in the river valley villages, followed by the semi-mountain villages, and agricultural skill training has no significant effect on farmers' livelihood choices in the high mountain villages. Young adult labor force tend to choose off-farm livelihood, and the aging problem of farming population is getting worse, with the high mountain villages being the most significant, followed by the semi-mountain villages, and the river valley villages being less obvious. Income gaps between farm and off-farm livelihood types is the fundamental reason affecting farmers' livelihood choices, and poor rural public services and lack of development opportunity are important reasons that affect farmers' livelihood choices. Finally, based on the above conclusions, this article explored the dialectical relationship between human capitals, labor off-farm employment, and rural development and its policy implications.

Key words: farming households, human capital, livelihood strategy, village types, rural revitalization, poor mountainous areas