地理科学进展 ›› 2016, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (6): 714-723.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2016.06.005

• 生态文明与旅游专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于人口特征的城市生态游憩空间配置——以常熟市为例

孙琨1,3(), 唐承财2,*(), 钟林生3   

  1. 1. 常熟理工学院经济与管理学院,江苏 苏州 215500
    2. 北京第二外国语学院旅游管理学院,北京 100024
    3. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 出版日期:2016-06-23 发布日期:2016-06-23
  • 通讯作者: 唐承财
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:孙琨(1978-),男,甘肃白银人,副教授,博士后,主要研究方向为生态旅游开发与管理,E-mail: zkydlsly@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41301161);北京第二外国语学院科技创新团队项目;中国博士后科学基金项目(2012M510529)

Siting of urban recreational eco-space based on population characteristics: A case study of Changshu City, China

Kun SUN1,3(), Chengcai TANG2,*(), Linsheng ZHONG3   

  1. 1. Economics and Management College, Changshu Institute of Technology, Suzhou 215500, Jiangsu, China
    2. School of Tourism Management, Beijing International Studies University, Beijing 100024, China
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Online:2016-06-23 Published:2016-06-23
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41301161;Science and Technology Innovation Team Foundation of Beijing International Studies University;China Postdoctoral Science Foundation, No.2012M510529

摘要:

生态游憩空间配置是休闲城市建设的重要内容,对城市生态文明建设、城市优质生活环境营造具有重要意义。本文以国家休闲城市综合标准试点市——常熟市为研究对象,以人口特征为切入点,对该市不同功能区内各年龄段人口数量、可进行生态游憩的时间、生态游憩意愿、对不同生态游憩空间的偏好,以及全市不同功能区人口对生态游憩空间的配置需求进行了调查研究。人口特征影响城市生态游憩空间的配置需求,全市不同功能区的人口特征有显著差异,因此对各类生态游憩空间的配置需求不同。在人口量、人口平均生态游憩可能性、人口生态游憩空间类型偏好等因素的影响下,商业活动区内人口对各类生态游憩空间的配置需求指数均最高,其次为生活居住区、商务办公区、工业生产区;全市不同功能区内人口对草地游憩空间的配置需求指数均最高,其次为水域和林地。可根据城市不同功能区人口数量、类型、分布特征,以及对各类生态游憩空间的配置需求来指导城市规划建设中生态游憩空间的配置实践。

关键词: 城市休闲, 人口特征, 生态游憩空间, 配置, 常熟市

Abstract:

Siting of recreational eco-space in a city plays an important role in the development of urban recreation, and is significance for creating a high quality living environment for the residents. In order to provide theoretical support for recreational eco-space siting in urban areas, this article, taking Changshu City, Jiangsu Province—a national pilot site of recreational city comprehensive evaluation standards—as the study case and the demographic characteristics of the city as the starting point, examined the distribution of different age group of the population in various urban functional areas, analyzed the time that can be used for recreation by the urban population and their willingness to engage in ecological recreation, and the recreation preference of different age groups for various recreational eco-space. We also calculated the demand index for recreational eco-space in different urban areas. Demographic characteristics, which significant differ in various urban areas, had great influence on urban recreational eco-space demand, wherein the impact of the scale of population flow was most significant. The population in different urban areas had varied requirements for different types of recreational eco-space. Affected by the size of the population, ecological recreation potential, and preference for different types of recreational eco-space, demand for recreational eco-space in commercial district was the highest, followed by residential district, office district, and industrial district. The population in each urban functional area had the greatest demand for grass area for recreation, followed by water and woodland. Population size, age groups, distribution, and demand for recreational eco-space should be used to guide the recreational eco-space siting practice in urban planning and constructing, and are useful information for improving the quality of life for urban residents.

Key words: urban recreation, population characteristics, recreational eco-space, siting, Changshu City