地理科学进展 ›› 2016, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (4): 409-419.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2016.04.002

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

大城市内部服务业区位研究进展

周麟(), 沈体雁*   

  1. 北京大学政府管理学院,北京 100871
  • 出版日期:2016-04-27 发布日期:2016-04-29
  • 通讯作者: 沈体雁 E-mail:zhoulinup@pku.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:周麟(1988-),男,河北保定人,博士研究生,主要从事城市空间结构、服务业区位研究,E-mail: zhoulinup@pku.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71473008);国家社科基金重大项目(13&ZD166);国家社科基金青年项目(15CJL061)

Progress of services location studies in metropolis

Lin ZHOU(), Tiyan SHEN*   

  1. School of Government, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Online:2016-04-27 Published:2016-04-29
  • Contact: Tiyan SHEN E-mail:zhoulinup@pku.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.71473008;Major Program of National Social Science Foundation of China, No.13&ZD166;Youth Program of National Social Science Foundation of China, No.15CJL061

摘要:

随着服务经济全球化时代的到来,服务业正在成为不同大洲和国家大城市发展的核心动力,而不同规模、类型服务业的区位选择也被视为塑造大城市内部经济结构的主要驱动因子。基于此,本文从空间分布格局、区位选择偏好、主要影响因素等3个方面对国外大城市内部服务业区位的研究进展进行综述。主要结论包含:①集聚与扩散的解读是区位研究的核心。②交通要素在集聚与扩散过程中扮演着重要角色。③研究视角趋向微观化。④强调地方政策、人居环境等非经济要素对于服务业的影响。⑤开始关注社会公平。最后,本文针对中国大城市内部服务业区位研究与实践提出:应加强基于企业个体数据的演化规律探讨,推动地理空间分析的社会经济转向以及有机嵌入城市规划与管理体系。

关键词: 大城市内部, 服务业区位, 研究进展, 国外文献

Abstract:

With the globalization of services economy, services are becoming the core driving forces of metropolis development in different countries. Location choice of services is also the main factor that shapes the economic structure in metropolis. Therefore, this article examines progress of services location research in metropolis from three aspects: spatial pattern, location preference, and main influence factors. The main findings are as follows: (1) Discussion of services agglomeration and diffusion is often the most important topic. (2) Transportation factor is of high importance in the process of services agglomeration and diffusion. (3) The research perspective tends to be microscopic. (4) The influence of noneconomic factors such as urban amenity and local policy are being taken seriously. (5) Some researchers have focused on social equity and worked on the differentiation of services between different social groups. Finally, this article recommends further research on change analysis based on data of individual service companies, refocusing geospatial research on socioeconomic issues, and embedding services research into urban planning and management system.

Key words: metropolis, location of services, research progress, international studies and literature